Synthesis, Characterization, and Investigation the Inhibitory Impact of Thiosemicarbazide Derivative toward the Corrosion of Mild Steel in Acidic Media
Keywords:Adsorption, Corrosion mild steel, Density function theory, Schiff base, Thiosemicarbazide
In this study we focused on the determination of influence the novel synthesized thiosemicarbazide derivative "2-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene) hydrazinecarbothioamide" (HMHC) influenced the corrosion inhibition of mild steel (MS) in a 1.0 M hydrochloric acid acidic solution.This is in an effort to preserve the metal material by maintaining it from corrosion.The synthesized inhibitor was characterized using elemental analysis, and NMR-spectroscopy. Then the corrosion inhibition capability of (HMHC) was studied on mild steel in an acidic medium by weight loss technique within variables [temperature, inhibitor concentration, and time]. The immersion periods were [1:00, 3:00, 5:00, 10:00, 24:00, and 72:00] hours and the temperature range was (303-333) K. Various concentration of (HMHC) were used and the immersion periods were [0.00, 0.001, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, and 0.50] g/L. The prepared derivative has shown the ability to inhibit corrosion. It has been observed that the rate of erosion decreases with the increasing concentration of the prepared inhibitor and increases with the increasing temperature of the solution. The most promising inhibitor action is at 0.5 g/L with an inhibition efficiency of 90.2%. Where it found that the adsorption process of HMHC obeys the Langmuir isotherm model. The electronic properties of the HMHC molecules were obtained from density function theory (DFT) quantum chemical approach. The experimental approach and theoretical results were found to have impressive correlations.
Published Online First 20/5/2022
Ram C, Zaman B, Dhir A. Study on corrosion investigations in industrial effluents: a review. Corros. Rev. 2019 Apr 1;37(2):115-30.
Omotosho OA. Inhibition evaluation of chemical and plant extracts on the corrosion of metallic alloys in acidic environment [Doctoral dissertation]. Nigeria: Covenant University; 2016.
Keleş H, Akca S. The effect of Variamine Blue B on brass corrosion in NaCl solution. Arab J Chem. 2019 Feb 1; 12(2): 236-48.
Jessima SH, Berisha A, Srikandan SS, Subhashini S. Preparation, characterization, and evaluation of corrosion inhibition efficiency of sodium lauryl sulfate modified chitosan for mild steel in the acid pickling process. J Mol. Liq. 2020 Dec 15; 320: 114382.
Ikeuba AI, Okafor PC. Green corrosion protection for mild steel in acidic media: saponins and crude extracts of Gongronema latifolium. Pigment Resin Technol. 2019 Jan 7; 48(1): 57-64.
Rana AM, Corrosion inhibition of Al-Si-Cu alloy in the basic media by using six inhibitors at four temperatures. Baghdad Sci J. 2008 Sep. 7; 5(3): 427-36.
Zhang D, Tang Y, Qi S, Dong D, Cang H, Lu G. The inhibition performance of long-chain alkyl-substituted benzimidazole derivatives for corrosion of mild steel in HCl. Corros Sci. 2016 Jan 1; 102: 517-22.
Kumar R, Yadav OS, Singh G. Electrochemical and surface characterization of a new eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in acidic media: a cumulative study. J Mol Liq. 2017 Jul 1; 237: 413-27.
Muthamma K, Kumari P, Lavanya M, Rao SA. Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in Acidic Media by N-[(3, 4-Dimethoxyphenyl) Methyleneamino]-4-Hydroxy-Benzamide. J Bio- Tribo-Corros. 2021 Mar; 7(1): 1-9.
Lgaz H, Chaouiki A, Albayati MR, Salghi R, El Aoufir Y, Ali IH, et al. Synthesis and evaluation of some new hydrazones as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in acidic media. Res Chem Intermed. 2019 Apr; 45(4): 2269-86.
He X, Mao J, Ma Q, Tang Y. Corrosion inhibition of perimidine derivatives for mild steel in acidic media: electrochemical and computational studies. J Mol Liq. 2018 Nov 1; 269: 260-8.
Haldhar R, Prasad D, Bhardwaj N. Extraction and experimental studies of Citrus aurantifolia as an economical and green corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in acidic media. J Adhes Sci Technol. 2019 Jun 3; 33(11): 1169-83.
Elkhotfi Y, Forsal I, Rakib EM, Mernari B. The inhibition action of essential oil of J. Juniperus Phoenicea on the corrosion of mild steel in acidic media. Port Electrochim Acta. 2018 Mar;36(2):77-87.
Mohammed IM. Experimental and Quantum Chemical Studies on the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel By 2-((Thiophen-2-Ylmethylene) Amino) Benzenethio in 1M HCl. Baghdad Sci J. 2019 Mar 11; 16(1): 0049-.
Ramarajan D ,Tamilarasan K , Sudha S. Synthesis, crystal structure analysis and DFT studies of 3a, 8a-Dihydroxy-2-thioxo-2, 3, 3a, 8a-tetrahydroindeno [1, 2-d] imidazol-8 (1H)-one. J Mol Struct. 2017; 1139: 282-293.
Pandey M, Muthu S, Gowda NN. Quantum mechanical and spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H, 13C NMR, UV-Vis) studies, NBO, NLO, HOMO, LUMO and Fukui function analysis of 5-Methoxy-1H-benzo [d] imidazole-2(3H)-thione by DFT studies. J Mol Struct. 2017;1130: 511-521.
Sliem MH, El Basiony NM, Zaki EG, Sharaf MA, Abdullah AM. Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in sulfuric acid by a newly synthesized Schiff base: an electrochemical, DFT, and Monte Carlo simulation study. Electroanalysis. 2020; 32(12): 3145-3158.
Mohamad AB, Kadhum AAH, Al-Amiery AA, Ying LC, Musa AY. Synergistic of a coumarin derivative with potassium iodide on the corrosion inhibition of aluminum alloy in 1.0 M H2SO4. Met Mater Int. 2014; 20(3): 459-467.
Al-Amiery AA, Kadhum AAH, Alobaidy AHM, Mohamad AB, Hoon PS. Novel corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in HCl. Materials. 2014;7(2): 662-672.
Musabikha S, Utama IK, Mukhtasor, Wharton JA, Wood RJ. Effects of Nickel–Aluminum Bronze Pre-Oxidized Films on the Cathodic Kinetics of Oxygen Reduction. Anal Lett. 2020 May 23; 53(8): 1218-32.
Musa AY, Mohamad AB, Al-Amiery AA, Tien LT. Galvanic corrosion of aluminum alloy (Al2024) and copper in 1.0 M hydrochloric acid solution. Korean J Chem Eng. 2012; 29(6): 818-822.
Junaedi S, Kadhum AAH, Al-Amiery AA, Mohamad AB, Takriff MS. Synthesis and characterization of novel corrosion inhibitor derived from oleic acid: 2-Amino 5-Oleyl-1, 3, 4-Thiadiazol (AOT). Int. J Electrochem Sci. 2012; 7(4): 3543-3554.
Bouanis M, Tourabi M, Nyassi A, Zarrouk A, Jama C, Bentiss F. Corrosion inhibition performance of 2, 5-bis (4-dimethylaminophenyl)-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole for carbon steel in HCl solution: Gravimetric, electrochemical and XPS studies. Appl Surf Sci. 2016 Dec 15; 389: 952-66.
Solomon MM, Umoren SA, Udosoro II, Udoh AP. Inhibitive and adsorption behaviour of carboxymethyl cellulose on mild steel corrosion in sulphuric acid solution. Corros Sci. 2010; 52(4): 1317-1325.
Cherrak K, Benhiba F, Sebbar NK, Essassi EM, Taleb M, Zarrouk A, et al. Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by new Benzothiazine derivative in a hydrochloric acid solution: Experimental evaluation and theoretical calculations. Chem Data Collect. 2019 Aug 1; 22: 100252.
Akalezi CO, Onyedika GO, Chahul HF, Oguzie EE. Experimental and theoretical studies on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic media by Pentaclethra macrophylla plant extract. FUTOJNLS. 2016; 2(1): 265-80.
Vinutha MR, Venkatesha TV. Thermodynamic, adsorption and corrosion inhibitive behaviour of benzyl nicotinate on cold rolled steel in sulphuric acid solution. J Electrochem Sci Eng. 2015; 5(3): 209-220.
Qiu LG, Xie AJ, Shen YH. The adsorption and corrosion inhibition of some cationic gemini surfactants on carbon steel surface in hydrochloric acid. Corr Sci. 2005; 47(1): 273-278.
Uesato S, Kitagawa M, Nagaoka Y, Maeda T, Kuwajima H, Yamori T. Novel histone deacetylase inhibitors: N-hydroxycarboxamides possessing a terminal bicyclic aryl group. Bioorg Med. Chem Lett. 2002; 12(10): 1347-1349.
Majid KR, Mohammed MA, Ahamed LS. DFT Calculations and Experimental Study to Inhibit Carbon Steel Corrosion in Saline Solution by Quinoline-2-One Derivative: Carbon Steel Corrosion. Baghdad Sci J. [Internet]. 2021Mar.10; 18(1): 0113. 7
Obayes HR, Al-Amiery AA, Alwan GH, Abdullah TA, Kadhum AAH, Mohamad AB. Sulphonamides as corrosion inhibitor: experimental and DFT studies. J Mol Struct. 2017; 1138: 27-34.
Al-Amiery AA, Kassim FAB, Kadhum AAH, Mohamad AB. Synthesis and characterization of a novel eco-friendly corrosion inhibition for mild steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid. Sci Rep. 2016; 6(1): 1-13.
Kadhim A, Al-Okbi AK, Jamil DM, Qussay A, Al-Amiery AA, Gaaz TS, et al. Experimental and theoretical studies of benzoxazines corrosion inhibitors. Results Phys. 2017;7: 4013-4019.
Copyright (c) 2022 Baghdad Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.