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Dynamics of Predator-prey Model under Fluctuation Rescue Effect




Coexistence, Kolmogorov analysis, Predator– prey model, Rescue effect, Stability analysis.


This paper presents a novel idea as it investigates the rescue effect of the prey with fluctuation effect for the first time to propose a modified predator-prey model that forms a non-autonomous model. However, the approximation method is utilized to convert the non-autonomous model to an autonomous one by simplifying the mathematical analysis and following the dynamical behaviors. Some theoretical properties of the proposed autonomous model like the boundedness, stability, and Kolmogorov conditions are studied. This paper's analytical results demonstrate that the dynamic behaviors are globally stable and that the rescue effect improves the likelihood of coexistence compared to when there is no rescue impact. Furthermore, numerical simulations are carried out to demonstrate the impact of the fluctuation rescue effect on the dynamics of the non-autonomous model. The analytical and numerical results show a more coexisted model between prey and predator, which can help any extinction-threatened ecosystem.


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