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Using Wild Plant Species Grown in Wadi Al – Tib Region North East of Al – Ammara, Iraq, as Indicators of Heavy Metals Accumulation


  • Israa Amer Al-Gizzi Department of Ecology, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
  • Suhad Al-Knaany Department of Ecology, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.
  • Raghad Khalaf Department of Ecology, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq.



Accumulation, Heavy metals, Plant leaves, Pollution, Wild plants


The current study included, studying the ability of eight genera of plants belong to Brassicaceae family, Brassica tournifortii, Cakile Arabica, Capsella bursa – pastoris,Carrichtera annua, Diplotaxis acris, Diplotaxis haru , Eruca sativa and Erucaria hispanica to accumulate ten heavy metals Cadmium, Chromium , Copper, Mercury, Manganese ,Nickel ,Lead ,and Zinc . Plant leaves samples were collected from Al-Tib area during spring of 2021.The data demonstrated that, the highest conc. of Cd was 2.7 mg/kg in Diplotaxis acris leaves and lower value was 0.3 mg/kg in Cakile Arabica leaves. For Co, the highest conc.was 1.3 mg/kg in Capsella bursa – pastoris leaves, whereas the lower value was 0.5 mg/kg in Cakile arabica leaves. As for Cr element, the highest Conc. was 14.7 mg/kg in Capsella bursa – pastoris leaves, and the lower value was 2.7 mg/kg in Diplotaxis acris leaves. The highest conc. of Cu was 100.8 mg/kg in Capsella bursa – pastoris leaves, whereas the lower value was 8.8 mg/kg in Cakile arabica leaves. For Hg element the highest Conc. was 1496.2 mg/kg in Brassica tournifortii leaves, and the lower value was 3.1 mg/kg in Erucaria hispanica leaves. Eruca sativa record the highest Conc. value 95.2 mg/kg for Mn element, whereas the lower value was 28.8 mg/kg in Diplotaxis acris leaves. The highest conc. of Pb was 26.4 mg/kg in Capsella bursa – pastoris leaves, and the lower conc. was 1.5 mg/kg in Cakile Arabica leaves, Whereas the highest Conc. of Ni was 24.2 mg/kg in Capsella bursa – pastoris leaves and the lower conc. was 6.1 mg/kg in Cakile Arabica leaves. According to these results, Brassica tournifortii was more capable of accumulating heavy metals, while Erucaria hispanica was the least compared to the rest plants.


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