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Antibiotic Resistance of Staphylococcus Sp. Isolated from Air, Surface, Food and Clinical samples Collected from Baghdad Hospital


  • Shahad R. Sabbar Department of Biology, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Adel H. Talib Department of Biology, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Saad S. Fakhry Department of Environment and Water,Ministry of Science and Technology, Baghdad, Iraq



Air, Antibiotic, Clinical, Surface, Nosocomial infection, Staphylococcus sp., Susceptibility


Staphylococcus the most common type of bacteria found in contamination place, we design this
study to compare the contamination accident between two hospitals in Baghdad.One of them isthe Burns
Specialist Hospital in the Medical CityinRusafa and another one is Al-Karama Hospital in Karkh. The
samples were collected fromOperativeWard No1 (OW1), Operative Ward No2 (OW2), Consulting Pharmacy
(CP), Emergency Room (ER), Reception Room (RR), Women's Ward (WW) and Men's Ward (MW).The
samples were taken from inside each clinical unit, surfaces, food, and air. The results showed that the
number of samples containing Staphylococcus sp. bacteria is 81, including 45 belonging to Al-Karama Burns
Ward Hospital and 36 belonging to the Medical City Hospital, Burns Special Hospital. The results of
Medical City Hospital showed that Staphylococcus sp.isolates resist many antibiotics, 99.99% of the isolates
from patient samples were resistant to(CLR, P, AMP); 92.30% of the isolates from air samples were resistant
to(P, MET) and 85.71%of isolates from surfaces and food samples were resist for (AMP, MET). Also the
results of Al-KaramaHospital showed that the highest resistance in the staphylococcus sp.isolateswere in
patient samplesfor (AMP, SXT), in surface samples for (E), in food samples for (E,P) and in air samples for
(P) and the resistance rates were 100% to all these antibiotics.


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