New Records of Non-Diatom Algae in Aquatic Habitat along Greater Zab River Path from Bekhma to Gwer District in Erbil Province, Iraq
Keywords:Erbil Province, Greater Zab River, Iraq, New records, Non-diatom algal taxa, Ponds, Springs
A study of non-diatom algal species composition in twelve sites from Greater Zab River path within
Erbil Province, was carried out from April 2021 to January 2022 with monthly sample collection in twelve studied sites. Among them site 4,5,6,7 and 9 are the first for algal study in this area. The 112 different species of algae belong to 33 genera, 25 families, 13 orders and 4 divisions have been identified. The predominant genera included Spirogyra and Cosmarium 17, 8 taxa respectively. 13 taxa were new recorded to Iraqi
Kurdistan algal flora and 9 of them were new recorded to Iraqi algal flora: Botryosphaerella sudetica, Muriella magna, Gloeotaenium loitlesbergianum, Apiocystis brauniana, Anabaena oscillarioides, C. distentum, C.
tutum, C. contractum var. minutum, kirchneriella irregularis, Oedogonium suecicum f. australe, Coelastrum indicum, Oocystis lacustris, and Pediastrum braunii. Also, there were three new genera for Iraqi algal flora which including: Botryosphaerella, Muriella and Apiocystis. A brief description as well as the measurement is given for each species. Water temperatures ranged from 17.3 to 20.08 ºC, hydrogen ion concentration and
electrical conductivity value ranged from 7.44 to 7.88 and 433.20 to 721.56 μS.cm-1 for all studied sites
respectively. The aim of this study is to identify algal taxa in studied sites.
Published Online First 20/3/2023
Stevenson J. Ecological assessments with algae: a review and synthesis. J Appl Phycol. 2014; 50(3): 437-61.
Maraşlıoğlu F, Öterler B, Sevindik TO, Soylu EN, Demir N, Çelekli A, et al. New Records for The Turkish Freshwater Algal Flora in Twenty-five River Basins of Turkey, Part II: Chlorophyta, Cyanobacteria, Euglenozoa. Turk J Fish Aquat Sci. 2022; 22(8): 1-37.
J ansen HM, Bernard MS, Nederlof MA, van der Meer IM, van der Werf A. Seasonal variation in productivity, chemical composition and nutrient uptake of Ulva spp.(Chlorophyta) strains. J Appl Phycol. 2022; 34(3): 1649-60.
Lepori F, Roberts JJ, Schmidt TS. A paradox of warming in a deep peri-Alpine lake (Lake Lugano, Switzerland and Italy). Hydrobiologia. 2018; 824(1): 215-28.
Mahdi ZM, Al-Hussieny AA. Classification of Some Species Algae in the Tigris River within the City of Baghdad-Iraq. 2022; 7(3): 53 http://www.revistabionatura.com
Ahmad HI. A qualitative study of Periphytic algae attached to the surface of river boats in the Tigris River in Al Aadhamiya, Baghdad, Iraq. Eco Env Cons. 27 (4) ; 2021: 1680-1685.
Ahmad HI, editor Study of the Biological Diversity of Benthic algae in the Tigris River, Baghdad-Iraq. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci; 2021: 1-8.
Karm LIFA, Dwaish AS. Investigation of Some Ecological Factors and Isolation Techniques for Some Local Algae in Iraq. Ann. Romanian Soc. Cell Biol. 2021: 1059-68.
Maulood BK, Hassan FM. Algal Studies in Iraqi Inland Waters. A Review. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers: Their Environment from Headwaters to Mouth; 2021: 553-70. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Maulood+BK%2C+Hassan+FM.+Algal+Studies+in+Iraqi+Inland+Waters.+A+Review.+Tigris+and+Euphrates+Rivers%3A+Their+Environment+from+Headwaters+to+Mouth%3B+2021&btnG.
Aziz FH. Checklist of the Algae in Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2011; 23(3): 31-72.
Aziz FH, Ahmed AQ. Updated checklist of freshwater algal flora of Kurdistan region of Iraq: Checklist of algal flora of Kurdistan. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2022; 34(2): 75-117.
Maulood BK, Hassan FM, Al-Lami AA, Toma JJ, Ismail AM. Checklist of algal flora in Iraq. Ministry of Environment, Baghdad. 2013: 92pp. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Maulood+BK%2C+Hassan+FM%2C+AlLami+AA%2C+Toma+JJ%2C+Ismail+AM.+Checklist+of+algal+flora+in+Iraq.+Ministry+of+Environment%2C+Baghdad.+2013&btnG.
Ali HA. Euglenoids in Haqlan Springs and Euphrates River at Hadithah City, Western Iraq. Biol Appl Environ Res. 2021; 5(5): 114-29.
Ali HA, Al-Hussieny AA, Owaid MN. New seven records of Euphrates River algae in Iraq. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol. 2021; 43(1): 181-7.
Alwaeli AA, Athbi AM. New Records of Ten Species of phytoplankton from the Shatt al Arab River, South of Iraq. Ann Romanian Soc Cell Biol.. 2021; 25(6): 9061-73.
Alwaeli A, Athbi A. New records algal species from the Shatt Al-Arab River, Southern Iraq. Mesopotamian J Mar Sci. 2021; 36(1): 79-87.
Toma JJ, Aziz FH. Antibacterial activity of three algal genera against some pathogenic bacteria. Baghdad Sci J. 2022: 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2022.6818
Toma JJ, Aziz FH. Algal study in the springs and streams from Shaqlawa district, Erbil Province, Iraq II-Zygnematales. Iraqi J Sci. 2022; 63(4): 1438-52.
Toma JJ, Aziz FH. New Records of Algae in Shaqlawa District, Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Al-Nahrain J. Sci. 2021; 24(3): 55-62.
Aziz FH, Yasin SA. Twenty-five new records of algae in eight artificial fish ponds in Erbil. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2019; 31(4): 153-66.
Aziz FH. Survey of pteridophyta from Iraq and Iraqi kurdistan region. Mesopo Enviro J.2017; 3(2): 40-68.
Rai SK, Paudel S. Algal flora of Jagadishpur Tal, Kapilvastu, Nepal. J Pl Res. 2019; 17(1): 6-20.
Boney A. Phytoplankton Edward Arnold (publisher) Ltd. London. 1975: 116pp.
Ali SF, Abdul-Jabar RA, Hassan FM. Diversity measurement indices of diatom communities in the Tigris river within Wasit Province, Iraq. Baghdad Sci J . 2018;15(2): 117-22.
Toma JJ, Aziz FH. Algal study in springs and streams from Shaqlawa district, Erbil Province, Iraq I-Euglenophyta. Baghdad Sci J. 2022;19(3): 483-492.
Mohammed NI, Bamarni KA. Water quality monitoring of Duhok Dam (Kurdistan Region of Iraq). Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2019; 31(1): 7-16.
Ameen HA. Spring water quality assessment using water quality index in villages of Barwari Bala, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Appl Water Sci. 2019; 9(8): 1-12.
Ahsan WA, Ahmad HR, Farooqi ZUR, Sabir M, Ayub MA, Rizwan M, et al. Surface water quality assessment of Skardu springs using Water Quality Index. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2021; 28(16): 20537-48.
Abdulla SM, Rasul DA, Ismael DS. Assessment of Ground water Quality for Drinking purpose in the Shaqlawa Area, Erbil-KRI. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2021; 33(2): 19-27.
Namuq MA. The effect of some plant nutrients concentrations on the algal diversity in the water of the Kirkuk irrigation project within the district of TuzKhurmatu-Iraq. Samarra j pure appl sci. 2021; 3(1): 113-24.
John DM, Whitton BA, Brook AJ. The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles: an identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae: in the United States of America byCambridge University Press, New York. 2nd Ed; 2011. P. 880.
Matthews RA. Freshwater Algae in Northwest Washington, Western Washington University Western CEDAR Volume II, Chlorophyta and Rhodophyta. 2016: 1-786.
Copyright (c) 2023 Baghdad Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.