This is a preview and has not been published.

The Adsorption Ability of Cibacron Red Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Copper Oxide Nanoparticles


  • Aya Qasim Khanjar Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Ahlam Mohammed Farhan Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Ahmed Mahdi Rheima Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq.



Adsorption, Cibacron red dye, CuO NPs, X-ray diffraction, green synthesis


This research describes the environmentally friendly production of CuO nanoparticles utilizing watercress plant extract and calcination at 400 C for 3 hours. SEM and TEM were used to analyze the size of nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to determine their crystal structure. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis of the created product's structure revealed just copper and oxygen constituents, demonstrating the purity of the synthetic material. The addition of CuO NPs improved the absorption of the dye Cibacron red. At 35 minutes of contact time, quicker adsorption of Cibacron red dye onto CuO nanoparticles was observed. The Freundlich isotherm and kinetic of pseudo-second order with R2 values more than 0.9785 and 0.999, respectively, were the most effective in describing the adsorption process. The thermodynamic parameters were calculated using thermodynamic analysis. It can be concluded that CuO NPs are an effective adsorbate surface for the Cibacron red dye.


Download data is not yet available.


Noman MT, Amor N, Petru M. Synthesis and applications of ZnO nanostructures (ZONSs): A review. Crit Rev Solid State Mater Sci..2021 Mar 4; 47(2):1-43.

Gonçalves RA, Toledo RP, Joshi N, Berengue OM. Green synthesis and applications of ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures. Molecules. 2021 Apr 13; 26(8): 2236.

Shang Y, Hasan MK, Ahammed GJ, Li M, Yin H, Zhou J. Applications of nanotechnology in plant growth and crop protection: a review. Molecules. 2019 Jul 13; 24(14): 2558.

Zhang J, Terrones M, Park CR, Mukherjee R, Monthioux M, Koratkar N, Kim YS, Hurt R, Frackowiak E, Enoki T, Chen Y. Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives. Carbon. 2016 Mar 1; 98(70): 708-32.

Aboud N A A, Alkayat WM., Hussain, D H, Rheima AM. A comparative study of ZnO, CuO and a binary mixture of ZnO0. 5-CuO0. 5 with nano-dye on the efficiency of the dye-sensitized solar cell. J Phys : Conf Ser. 2020; 1664(1): 012094.

Behl T, Kaur I, Sehgal A, Singh S, Sharma N, Bhatia S, Al-Harrasi A, Bungau S. The dichotomy of nanotechnology as the cutting edge of agriculture: Nano-farming as an asset versus nanotoxicity. Chemosphere. 2022 (Feb 1); 288: 132533.

Tian J, Xu J, Zhu F, Lu T, Su C, Ouyang G. Application of nanomaterials in sample preparation. J Chromatogr. A 2013 (Jul 26); 1300:2-16.

Iqbal SA , Saadiyah AD , Khulood AA ,Congo red adsorption on Bentonite and modified Bentonite. Int interdiscip Res J. 2013; 3(5): 62-78.

Awaid TJ, Ayal AK, Farhan AM, Sando MS, Chin LY. Effect of electrolyte composition on structural and photoelectrochemical properties of titanium dioxide nanotube arrays synthesized by anodization technique. Baghdad Sci J. 2020 Dec 1; 17: 1183. ‏

Al-Haidary Q, Al-Mokaram AM, Ismail AH, Hussein FM. State of the Art of Synthesized PANI-(Sn+ 2/TiO2) Nanocomposites for Conductive Application. Al-Mustansiriyah J Sci. 2022 Mar 10; 33(1): 32-8.

Kaabipour S, Hemmati S. A review on the green and sustainable synthesis of silver nanoparticles and one-dimensional silver nanostructures. Beilstein J Nanotechnol. 2021 Jan 25; 12(1): 102-36.‏

Hwaidi AJ, Mohammed NJ. Tuning Structural and Optical Properties of WO3 NPs Thin Films by the Fluency of Laser Pulses. Al-Mustansiriyah J Sci .2022; 33(3): 94-100.

Hakeem HS, Abbas NK. Preparing and studying structural and optical properties of Pb1-xCdxS nanoparticles of solar cells applications. Baghdad Sci J. 2021; 18(3): 0640-.

Li H, Chen X, Shen D, Wu F, Pleixats R, Pan J. Functionalized silica nanoparticles: Classification, synthetic approaches and recent advances in adsorption applications. Nanoscale. 2021; 13(38): 15998-6016.

Zinatloo-Ajabshir S, Heidari-Asil SA, Salavati-Niasari M. Rapid and green combustion synthesis of nanocomposites based on Zn–Co–O nanostructures as photocatalysts for enhanced degradation of acid brown 14 contaminant under sunlight. Sep Purif. Technol. 2022 Jan 1; 280: 119841.

Waris A, Din M, Ali A, Ali M, Afridi S, Baset A, Khan AU. A comprehensive review of green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles and their diverse biomedical applications. Inorg Chem Commun. 2021 Jan 1; 123: 108369.

Letchumanan D, Sok SP, Ibrahim S, Nagoor NH, Arshad NM. Plant-based biosynthesis of copper/copper oxide nanoparticles: an update on their applications in biomedicine, mechanisms, and toxicity. Biomolecules. 2021 Apr 12; 11(4): 564.

Mahmoud AE, Al-Qahtani KM, Alflaij SO, Al-Qahtani SF, Alsamhan FA. Green copper oxide nanoparticles for lead, nickel, and cadmium removal from contaminated water. Sci Rep . 2021 Jun 15; 11(1): 1-3.

Shakouly SM. Magnetic Study of BiPbSrCaCuZnO Super Conducting thin film Synthesized by pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) Method. Al-Mustansiriyah J Sci. 2022. Jun 26; 33(2): 77-80.

Zhang F, Chen X, Wu F, Ji Y. High adsorption capability and selectivity of ZnO nanoparticles for dye removal. Colloids Surf A: Physicochem. Eng Asp. 2016 Nov 20; 509: 474-83.‏

Ayoman E, Hosseini SG. Synthesis of CuO nanopowders by high-energy ballmilling method and investigation of their catalytic activity on thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate particles, J Therm Anal Calorim. 2016; 123 : 1213–1224.

Srinivasan M , Venkatesan V,Arumugam G,Natesan N, Saravanan S, Murugesan S, Ramachandran R, Ayyasamy A, Pugazhendhi.Green synthesis and characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) using Sesbania grandiflora and evaluation of toxicity in zebrafish embryos, Process Biochem. 2019; 80: 197–202.

Panda SK, Aggarwal I, Kumar H, Prasad L, Kumar A, Sharma A, Vo DV, Van Thuan D, Mishra V. Magnetite nanoparticles as sorbents for dye removal: a review. Environ Chem. Lett. 2021 Jun; 19(3): 2487-525.‏

Ağbulut Ü, Sarıdemir S, Rajak U, Polat F, Afzal A, Verma TN. Effects of high-dosage copper oxide nanoparticles addition in diesel fuel on engine characteristics. Energy. 2021 (15); 229: 120611.‏

Patil VB, Malode SJ, Mangasuli SN, Tuwar SM, Mondal K, Shetti NP. An electrochemical electrode to detect theophylline based on copper oxide nanoparticles composited with graphene oxide. Micromachines. 2022 Jul 23; 13(8): 1166.

Norzaee S, Djahed B , Khaksefidi R, Mostafapour FK. Photocatalytic degradation of aniline in water using CuO nanoparticles, J Water Supply Res Technol.2017; 66 : 178–185.

Elmer WH, Zuverza-Mena N, Triplett LR, Roberts EL, Silady RA, White JC. Foliar application of copper oxide nanoparticles suppresses Fusarium wilt development on Chrysanthemum. Environ. Sci Technol. 2021 Jul 15; 55(15): 10805-10.‏

Muthukrishnan L. Nanotechnology for cleaner leather production: a review. Environ Chem Lett. 2021 :1-23.

Chowdhary P, Bharagava RN, Mishra S, Khan N. Role of industries in water scarcity and its adverse effects on environment and human health. Environmental Concerns and Sustainable Development: Air, Water and Energy Resources. 2020; 1: 235-56.

Kansal SK, Kumari A. Potential of M. oleifera for the treatment of water and wastewater. Chem Rev 2014 May 14; 114(9): 4993-5010.

Saleh IA, Zouari N , Al-Ghouti MA. Removal of pesticides from water and wastewater: Chemical, physical and biological treatment approaches. Environ Technol Innov. 2020; 101026.

Shah I, Adnan R. A Comprehensive review on the hierarchical performances of eco-friendly and functionally advanced modified and recyclable carbon materials. J Iran Chem Soc. 2020; 17(7): 1521-1537.

Heidarinejad Z, Dehghani MH, Heidari M, Javedan G, Ali I, Sillanpää M. Methods for preparation and activation of activated carbon: a review Environ. Chem Lett. 2020; 18(2): 393-415.

Hasanin M, Hashem AH, Lashin I, Hassan SA. In vitro improvement and rooting of banana plantlets using antifungal nanocomposite based on myco-synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles and starch. Biomass Convers. Biorefinery. 2021 Aug 6:1-1. ‏

Nguyen CH, Tran HN, Fu CC, Lu YT, Juang RS. Roles of adsorption and photocatalysis in removing organic pollutants from water by activated carbon–supported titania composites: Kinetic aspects. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng. 2020 Apr 1; 109:51-61.

Zhang H, Nengzi LC, Wang Z, ZhangX, Li B, Cheng X. Construction of Bi2O3/CuNiFe LDHs composite and its enhanced photocatalytic degradation of lomefloxacin with persulfate under simulated sunlight. J Hazard Mater. 2020; 383:121236.

Dhahir SA, Abdul-Hussein E, Sarhan ST, Faraj N. Adsorption of malachite green dye from aqueous solution onto Iraqi raw Al-Hussainiyat clay. Eur Chem Bull. 2013; 2(11): 866-72.

Akintelu SA, Folorunso AS, Folorunso FA, Oyebamiji AK. Green synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles for biomedical application and environmental remediation. Heliyon. 2020 Jul 1; 6(7):e 04508.

Adel M, Ahmed MA, Mohamed AA. Effective removal of indigo carmine dye from wastewaters by adsorption onto mesoporous magnesium ferrite nanoparticles. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manag 2021 Dec 1; 16: 100550.

Borth KW, Galdino CW, de Carvalho Teixeira V, Anaissi FJ. Iron oxide nanoparticles obtained from steel waste recycling as a green alternative for Congo red dye fast adsorption. Appl Surf Sci. 2021 Apr 30; 546: 149126.‏

Aboud NA A, Jasim B E, Rheima AM. Methylene Orange dye removal in aqueous solution using synthesized CdO-MnO2 nanocomposite: kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Chalcogenide Lett. 2021; 18(5): 237-243.‏

BENTONITE DO, TIO MB, ZNO A. Adsorption study of rhodamin B dye on Iraqi bentonite and modified bentonite by nanocompounds TiO2, ZnO, AL2O3 and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Amn JnEnvironn Sci. 2013; 9(3): 269-79.

Kumar KY, Muralidhara HB, Nayaka YA, Balasubramanyam J, Hanumanthappa H. Low-cost synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles and their application in adsorption of commercial dye and heavy metal ion in aqueous solution. Powder technol. 2013 Sep 1; 246: 125-36.

Farhan AM, Zaghair AM, Abdullah HI. Adsorption Study of Rhodamine–B Dye on Plant (Citrus Leaves). Baghdad Sci J. 2022; 19(4): 0838.