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Study the Structural Properties of Porous Silicon and their Applications as Thermal Sensors


  • Israa Akram Abbas Department of Physics, College of Education for Pure Science, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Iraq.
  • Ameera J. Kadhm Department of Physics, College of Education for Pure Science, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Iraq.



Porous silicon, Photoluminescence, Structural properties, Scanning electron microscopy, Thermal sensors.


The photo-electrochemical etching (PECE) method has been utilized to create pSi samples on n-type silicon wafers (Si). Using the etching time 12 and 22 min while maintaining the other parameters 10 mA/cm2 current density and HF acid at 75% concentration.. The capacitance and resistance variation were studied as the temperature increased and decreased for prepared samples at frequencies 10 and 20 kHz. Using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the bore width, depth, and porosity % were validated. The formation of porous silicon was confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, the crystal size was decreased, and photoluminescence (PL) spectra revealed that the emission peaks were centered at 2q of 28.5619° and 28.7644° for etching time 12 and 22 min, respectively. Studying the capacitance and resistivity during temperature increasing and decreasing for both itching times shows clearly that the prepared pSi as a thermal sensor is working better and in more selectivity for 20 min itching time


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