This is a preview and has not been published.

Influence of pulse laser energy on the Nickel plasma characteristics that produced in laser-induced plasma system


  • Sabah N. Mazhir Department of Physics, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad. Iraq.
  • Huda H. Abbas Department of Physics, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad. Iraq.



Debye length, Electron Temperature, Nickle, Optical Emission Spectrometry technique, Plasma.


Optical Emission Spectrometry technique (OES) is used to analyze the plasma generated from a (Ni) target illuminated with a Q- Switched (Nd:YAG) laser at various energies in the air.  Boltzmann-Plot and Stark broadening methods were used to calculate the plasma parameters including electron density (ne), electron temperature (Te), plasma frequency (fp), and Debye length (λD). It is shown that the values of (ne), (Te), (λD) and (fp) increase with increasing laser energy with the calculated electron temperature values ranging between 0.934 - 1.479 eV.


Download data is not yet available.


Burger M, Skočić M, Bukvić S. Study of self-absorption in laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Spectrochim Acta B: At. Spectrosc. 2014; 101: 51-56. .

Majeed NF, Naeemah M R, Ali AH. Spectroscopic analysis of clove plasma parameters using optical emission spectroscopy. Iraqi J Sci. 2021; 62(8): 2565–2570. .

Ahghari M R, Soltaninejad V, Maleki A. Synthesis of nickel nanoparticles by a green and convenient method as a magnetic mirror with antibacterial activities. Sci Rep. 2020; 10: 12627.

Abdalameer NK, Jassim RH, Jebur EK, Mazhir SN. Laser pulse's frequency effect on plasma parameters for titanium dioxide produced by FHG of a Q-Switched Nd: YAG pulse laser. Int J Nanosci. 2023; 21(2): 1-7.

Sadaa AM, Al Abdullah ZT. Green Synthesis of Nickel Nanoparticles and their Application of Removal of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons from Crude Oil. Iraqi J Sci. 2021; 62(11): 4333–4341.

Qasim S A, Mazhir SN. Spectroscopic Analysis Of ZnO:Fe3O4 Using Laser-InducedBreakdown Spectroscopy. AIP Conf Proc. 2023; 2475: 090011.

Khan Z H, Ullah H M, Rahman B, Talukder A I, Abedin K M, Haider A F. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for Trace Element Detection: A Review. J Spectrosc. 2022; 2022 3887038. .

Yaseen W I, Ahmed A F, Alshakarchi D, Muliak F. Development of a high-power LC circuit for generating arc plasma and diagnostic via optical emission spectroscopy. Appl Phys A. 2022; 128(2): 148. .

Yahya K A, Rasheed B F. Effects of Discharge Current and Target Thickness in Dc -Magnetron Sputtering on Grain Size of Copper Deposited Samples. Baghdad Sci J. 2019; 16(1): 84-87.

Mazhir S N, Abdullah N A, Rauuf A F, Ali A H, Al-Ahmed H. Effects of Gas Flow on Spectral Properties of Plasma Jet Induced by Microwave. Baghdad Sci J. 2018; 15(1): 81-86. .

Naeema N, Kudher A, Mohammed G. Study of the Spectroscopic Performance of Laser Produced CdTe, and CdTe:Ag Plasma. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng. 2020; 757, 012025.

Abdalameer N Kh, Mazhir S N. Laser-Induced Plasma Atomic and Ionic Emission during Target Ablation. Int J Nanosci. 2021; 20(5): 1–8. .

National Institute of Standards and Technology. Atomic spectra database DB/OL. 2017.

Shehab M M. Using Boltzmann Plots Method to Calculate Plasma Parameters Generated from a Magnesium Target Using Optical Emission Spectroscopy Technique. Int J Nanosci. 2022; 21(4), 2250029.‏ .

Singh JP, Thakur SN. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. 1st Edition (Elsevier Science, 2007.

Raja I LP, Valanarasub S, Isaac R S R, Ramudud M, Bitlae A. The role of silver doping in tuning the optical absorption, energy gap, photoluminescence properties of NiO thin films for UV photosensor applications. Optik. 2022; 254: 168634. .

Zarenezhad E, Abdulabbas H.T, Marzi M, Ghazy E, Ekrahi M, Pezeshki B, Ghasemian A, Moawad AA. Nickel Nanoparticles: Applications and Antimicrobial Role against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections. Antibiotics (Basel). 2022; 11(9):1208. .

Fikry M, Tawfk W, Omar M M. Investigation on the effects of laser parameters on the plasma profile of copper using picosecond laser induced plasma spectroscopy. Opt Quant Electron. 2020; 52: 249. .

Wiese W L, Fuhr J R, Lesage A. Experimental Stark Widths and Shifts for Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (A Critical Review of Selected Data for the Period 1989 through 2000. J Phys Chem Ref Data. 2020; 31(3): 819-927. .