Preparing a New Type of Concrete Based on Sulfur-melamine Modifier
Keywords:Elasticity, Melamine, Modification, Sulfur concrete, Thermal expansion coefficient
In this research work, a new type of concrete based on sulfur-melamine modification was introduced, and its various properties were studied. This new type of concrete was prepared based on the sulfur-melamine modification and various ingredients. The new sulfur-melamine modifier was fabricated, and its fabrication was confirmed by IR spectroscopy and TG analysis. The surface morphology resulted from this modifier was studied by SEM and EDS analysis. The components ratios in concrete, chemical and physical characteristics resulted from sulfur-melamine modifier, chemical and corrosion resistance of concrete, stability of concrete against water adsorption, stability of concrete against freezing, physical and mechanical properties and durability, modulus of elasticity, and thermal expansion coefficient of the studied sulfur concrete were investigated. The IR results confirmed the amino functional groups (attached melamine ring) and the formation of polymer sulfur chains. The sulfur-melamine modification thermic mass loss was one step. The mass loss processes of the modifier were endothermic processes. The obtained SEM results revealed that the sulfur-melamine modifier had a more porous structure, without any crystal forms. EDS analysis showed that the nitrogen atoms were accounted for 51.33% of total mass while the carbon was 30.94% of total mass. The stability of sulfur-melamine modifier-based concrete was very high in the various aggressive solutions. The low size of aggregates-based concrete had more density, i.e., 2417 kg\m3. The concrete density was decreased slowly with increase in the size of aggregate. The average deformation of studied concrete was (0.0030-0.0033), confirming that the deformation performance of concrete was better than the traditional concretes. The obtained results also confirmed that value of thermal expansion coefficient for sulfur-melamine modified concrete was 17.2×10-6\˚C.
Published Online First 20/08/2023
Hrdlička A, Hegrová J, Novotný K, Kanický V, Rochazka D, Novotný J, et al. Sulfur determination in concrete samples using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and limestone standards. Spectrochim Acta Part B At Spectrosc 2018; 142: 8-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sab.2018.01.015
Le H.T, Inozemtcev S, Korolev E, Grishina A. In The efficiency of sulfur modifier to neutralize toxic gases in sulfur-asphalt concrete technology. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng. 2020; 869: 032016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/869/3/032016
Holmes RR, Hart ML, Kevern JT. Removal of arsenic from synthetic groundwater using sulfur-enhanced cement-based filter media. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste. 2019; 23(3): 04019006. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.2153-5515.0000451 .
Kaladharan G,Ra jabipour F. Evaluation and beneficiation of high sulfur and high alkali fly ashes for use as supplementary cementitious materials in concrete. Constr Build Mater. 2022; 339: 127672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.12767
Erofeev V, Yusupova A, Bobrishev A. Activation of sulfur and opal-cristobalite-tridymite phase in sulfur concrete technology. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater Sci Eng. 2018; 360: 042033. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/360/4/042033 .
Gumeniuk A, Hela R, Polyanskikh I, Gordina A, Yakovlev G. Durability of concrete with man-made thermoplastic sulfur additive. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater Sci Eng. 2020; 825: 032012. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/825/3/032012 .
Gutarowska, B, Kotynia R, Bieliński D, Anyszka R, Wręczycki J, Piotrowska M, et al. New sulfur organic polymer-concrete composites containing waste materials: Mechanical characteristics and resistance to biocorrosion. Materials 2019; 12(16): 2602. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162602 .
Szajerski P, Celinska J, Gasiorowski A, Anyszka R, Walendziak R, Lewandowski M and et al. Radiation induced strength enhancement of sulfur polymer concrete composites based on waste and residue fillers. J Clean Prod. 2020; 271: 122563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122563 .
Zheng S, Lu X, Zhao J, He R, Chen H, Geng Y. Influence of industrial by-product sulfur powder on properties of cement-based composites for sustainable infrastructures. Constr Build Mater. 2023; 367: 130171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.130171
Liu J, Yan C, Zhang J, Liu S, Li P. Experimental study and modeling analysis of strength properties of sulfur-based polymers of waste ceramic fine aggregates. Mater Chem Phys. 2023; 301: 127614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2022.127614
Fediuk R, Mugahed Amran Y H, Mosaberpanah M A, Danish A, El-Zeadani M, Klyuev S V, et al. A critical review on the properties and applications of sulfur-based concrete. Materials. 2020; 13 (21): 4712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214712
Dugarte M, Martinez-Arguelles G, Torres J. Experimental evaluation of modified sulfur concrete for achieving sustainability in industry applications. Sustainability. 2018; 11 (1): 70. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010070
Gladkikh V, Korolev E, Husid D, Sukhachev I. In Properties of sulfur-extended asphalt concrete. Matec Web Conf. 2016; 73: 04024. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20167304024
Grabowski Ł, Gliniak M, Polek D. In Possibilities of use of waste sulfur for the production of technical concrete, MATEC Web Conf. 2017; 117: 01032. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201711701032
Anyszka R, Bieliński D.M, Siciński M, Imiela M, Szajerski P, Pawlica J, et al. In Sulfur Concrete–Promising Material for Space-Structures Building. In Proc 14th SGEM Geo Conf. 2016; 27-30. https://doi.org/10.5593/SGEM2016/B22/S10.004
Rasheed M.F, Rahim A, Irfan-ul-Hassan M, Ali B, Ali N. Sulfur concrete made with waste marble and slag powders: 100% recycled and waterless concrete. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2022; 29(43): 65655-65669. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-20229-8
Liu J, Yan C, Li J, Zhang J, Liu S. Investigation on the Mechanical Properties and Strengthening Mechanism of Solid-Waste–Sulfur-Based Cementitious Composites. Materials. 2023; 16(3): 1203. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16031203
Zeng Y, Chen X, Chu H, Guo M.-Z, Xu Y, Zhang H, et al. Deterioration of alkali-activated and Portland cement-based mortars under sulfur oxidizing bacteria corrosion. J Build Eng. 2023; 106418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2022.106418
Cabral J S, Menegatti C R, Nicolodelli G. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy in cementitious materials: A chronological review of cement and concrete from the last 20 years. TrAC Trends Anal Chem. 2023; 116948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2022.116948
Gordina A, Gumenyuk A, Polyanskikh I, Yakovlev G, Černý V. Effect of Electrochemical Corrosion on the Properties of Modified Concrete. Constr Mater. 2023; 3(2): 202-216. https://doi.org/10.3390/constrmater3020016
Wang Y, Su F, Li P, Wang W, Yang H, Wang L. Microbiologically induced concrete corrosion in the cracked sewer pipe under sustained load. Constr Build Mater. 2023; 369: 130521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.130521 .
Shkromada O, Ivchenko V, Chivanov V, Tsyhanenko L, Tsyhanenko H, et al. Defining Patterns in the Influence Exerted by the Interrelated Biochemical Corrosion on Concrete Building Structures Under the Conditions of a Chemical Enterprise. East Eur J Enterp Technol. 2021; 2(6): 110. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2021.231393
Moon J, Kalb P.D, Milian L, Northrup P.A. Characterization of a sustainable sulfur polymer concrete using activated fillers. Cem Concr Compos. 2016; 67: 20-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2016.01.011 .
Benarchid Y, Taha Y, Argane R, Tagnit-Hamou A, Benzaazoua M. Concrete containing low-sulphide waste rocks as fine and coarse aggregates: Preliminary assessment of materials. J Clean Prod. 2019; 221: 419-429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.233 .
Dehestani M, Teimortashlu E, Molaei M, Ghomian M, Firoozi S and et al. Experimental data on compressive strength and durability of sulfur concrete modified by styrene and bitumen. Data Brief. 2017; 13: 137-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.033 .
Yusupova A.A, Khatsrinov A.I, Akhmetova R.T. Activating Effect of Aluminum Chloride in the Preparation of Sulfur Concrete from Sulfur and Silica. Inorg Mater. 2018; 54 (8): 787-792. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020168518070079 .
Ghasemi S, Nikudel M.R, Zalooli A, Khamehchiyan M, Alizadeh A, Yousefvand F and et al. Durability assessment of sulfur concrete and Portland concrete in laboratory conditions and marine environments. J Mater Civ Eng. 2022; 34(8): 04022167. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0003964 .
Lewandowski M, Kotynia R. In Assessment of sulfur concrete properties for use in civil engineering. EDP Sciences: 2018; 1: 03006. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201815603006 .
El Gamal M.M, El-Dieb A.S, Mohamed A-M, El Sawy K M. Performance of modified sulfur concrete exposed to actual sewerage environment with variable temperature, humidity and gases. J Build Eng. 2017; 11:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2017.05.003 .
El Gamal M, El-Sawy K, Mohamed A-M. Integrated mixing machine for sulfur concrete production. Case Stud Constr Mater. 2021; 14: e00495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00495 .
Dagdag O, Haldhar R, Kim S.-C, Guo L, Gouri M, Berdimurodov E, et al. Recent progress in epoxy resins as corrosion inhibitors: design and performance. J Adhes Sci Technol. 2022: 1: 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/01694243.2022.2027449 .
Haldhar R, Kim S-C, Berdimurodov E, Verma D K, Hussain C M. Corrosion Inhibitors: Industrial Applications and Commercialization. In Sustainable Corrosion Inhibitors II: Synthesis, Design, and Practical Applications, Am Chem Soc. 2021; 1404: 0-219. https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2021-1404.ch027 .
Kaur J, Saxena A, Berdimurodov E, Verma D.K. Euphorbia prostrata as an eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for steel: electrochemical and DFT studies. Chem Pap. 2022; 1: 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11696-021-02195-2 .
Sabour M.R, Dezvareh G.A, Niavol K.P. Application of artificial intelligence methods in modeling corrosion of cement and sulfur concrete in sewer systems. Environ Process. 2021; 8: 1601-1618. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40710-021-00588-4 .
Shahsavari M.H, Karbala M.M, Iranfar S, Vandeginste V. Martian and lunar sulfur concrete mechanical and chemical properties considering regolith ingredients and sublimation. Constr Build Mater. 2022; 350: 128914. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.128914 .
Gulzar M.A, Rahim A, Ali B, Khan A.H. An investigation on recycling potential of sulfur concrete. J Build Eng. 2021; 38: 102175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102175 .
Ma S, Tang Y, Zhang S, Ma Y, Sheng Z, Wang Z and et al. Chlorine and sulfur determination in water using indirect laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Talanta. 2020; 214: 120849. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.120849 .
Gwon S, Ahn E, Shin M. Water permeability and rapid self-healing of sustainable sulfur composites using superabsorbent polymer and binary cement. Constr Build Mater. 2020; 265: 120306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120306 .
Szajerski P, Bogobowicz A, Gasiorowski A. Cesium retention and release from sulfur polymer concrete matrix under normal and accidental conditions. J Hazard Mater. 2020; 381: 121180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121180 .
Szajerski P, Bogobowicz A, Bem H, Gasiorowski A. Quantitative evaluation and leaching behavior of cobalt immobilized in sulfur polymer concrete composites based on lignite fly ash, slag and phosphogypsum. J Clean Prod. 2019; 222: 90-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.03.039 .
Erofeev V, Yausheva L, Bulgakov A, Bobryshev A, Shafigullin L, Afonin V. In Chemical resistance of sulfur concrete. AIP Conf Proc AIP Publishing LLC. 2023; 1: 060021. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0031856
Gwon S, Ahn E, Shin M. Self-healing of modified sulfur composites with calcium sulfoaluminate cement and superabsorbent polymer. Compos. Part B Eng. 2019; 162: 469-483. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.10.015
Kh P.K, Sayfulla I.N. Technologies for Obtaining Modified Sulfur Concrete Based on Local Raw Materials. Eurasian J Phys Chem Math. 2023: 15: 40-45. https://doi.org/10.1234/ejpcm.2023.15.1.40
Al-Naemi A.N, Abdul-Majeed M.A, Al-Furaiji M.H, Ghazi I.N. Fabrication and Characterization of Nanofibers Membranes Using Electrospinning Technology for Oil Removal. Baghdad Sci J. 2021; 1(4): 1338-1343. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2021.18.4.1338
Hasson S.O, kadhem Salman S.A, Hassan S.F, Abbas S.M. Antimicrobial Effect of Eco-Friendly Silver Nanoparticles Synthesis by Iraqi Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) on Gram-Negative Biofilm-Forming Bacteria. Baghdad Sci J. 2021; 18(4): 1096. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2021.18.4.1096
Murtadha J S, Abed-Alsada A S, Mohammad H.J, Shindy N.R, Umran N.J, Majed H.M. The effect of using magnetized water on the percentage of cement in the Concrete mixture. Baghdad Sci J. 2014; 1(2): 01. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2014.11.2.01
Copyright (c) 2023 Baghdad Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.