The Importance of Anthropogenic Influence in Assessing the Ecological Condition of Cities in Uzbekistan (in the Case of Navoi)
Keywords:Absolute ecological stress coefficient (Ka), Anthropogenic load (AL), cities ecology, Coefficient of area protection (Kez), land resources, Relative environmental stress coefficient (Ko), urban indicators
Creating a series of maps, grouping ecological indicators, and assessing cities' environmental status are considered very relevant research tasks. A growing population in cities, the establishment of various industrial and production enterprises, and the use of vehicles all contribute to the degradation of the environment. Navoi region is a young administrative unit located in central Uzbekistan. Regarding industrial development, it ranks first among administrative units in the republic. Production in its cities, especially the high productivity of heavy industrial enterprises, ecological problems in various forms due to human pressure on the natural environment, and the health of the population - mothers and children, and the elderly - pose a serious threat. As a result of high anthropogenic pressure, ecologically clean green areas are decreasing. It occupies a very small share compared to the total area. This, in turn, can cause environmental stress in regional cities located in arid regions, and cause the loss of greenery. Anticipating such consequences and combating them is particularly important today. This article analyzes environmental conditions in the Navoi region and its cities, as well as the most significant factor affecting them, the anthropogenic effects. The land classification was made for the city area, as well as suggestions and recommendations. For this, we analyzed and grouped the structural classification of the area of regional cities. As a result of our research, we can see that environmental risk is high. In this article, the main parameters of the study are covered with accurate calculations.
Published Online First 20/09/2023
AL-Nuaimi SA. study the effects of the polluted waste water on the environment. Baghdad Sci J 2006; 3(1): 94-1003(1): 94-100. https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/681
Kochurov Boris I., Yulia A Khaziakhmetova, Irina V Ivashinko, Ekaterina A Sukmanova Landscape approach in city-planning. 2018 Oct 5; 13(3): 71–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.18470/1992-1098-2018-3-71-82
Yang D, Dang M, Guo J, Sun L, Zhang R, Han F, et al. Spatial–temporal dynamics of the built environment toward sustainability: A material stock and flow analysis in Chinese new and old urban areas. J Ind Ecol 2023; 27(1): 95. https://doi.org/10.1111/jiec.13335
Ma T, Li J, Bai S, Chang F, Jiang Z, Yan X, et al. Optimization and Construction of Ecological Security Patterns Based on Natural and Cultivated Land Disturbance. Sustainability 2022; 14(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/su142416501
Sobko G, Halkevych M, Yatsukh OO, Shuldiner J, Bernevek TI. Ecological Problems of Ukraine Related to Urbanization, Migration and State of War. Environ Ecol Res 2022; 10(6): 635-647. https://doi.org/10.13189/eer.2022.100602
Karshibaevna, K N, Kahramonovna, Z D, Normurod Faxriddino'g'li Latipov Some problems with creating a medical-geographical atlas map of Uzbekistan. Int J Early Child Spec Educ. 2022; 14(2): 5836- 58401. https://doi.org/10.9756/INT-JECSE/V14I2.656
Komilova N, Latipov N. Classification of settlements on the basis of the ecological situation in the Navoi region and the factors affecting the health of the population. GGE 2022Jun.1; 56: 209-13. https://periodicals.karazin.ua/geoeco/article/view/18796
Dai X, Feng H, Xiao L, Zhou J, Wang Z, Zhang J, et al. Ecological vulnerability assessment of a China's representative mining city based on hyperspectral remote sensing. Ecol Indic 2022; 145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.109663
Mukhlif HN, Rabeea MA, Hussien BM. Characterization of the Groundwater within Regional Aquifers and Suitability Assessment for Various Uses and Purposes-Western Iraq. Baghdad Sci J 2021; 18(1): 670-686. https://doi.org/10.21123/BSJ.2021.18.1(SUPPL.).0670
Abu-Hadal LS, Al Hassany JS. Using diatom indices to evaluate water quality in Abu-Zirig Marsh Thi-Qar Province /south of Iraq. Baghdad Sci J 2020; 17(2): 599-603. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2020.17.2(SI).0599
Copyright (c) 2023 Baghdad Science Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.