New Spectrophotometric Estimation and Cloud Point Extraction of Cefdinir

Mohammed Jasim M. Hassan1* Omar Qusay Mizher2

  • Baghdad Science Journal
Keywords: Cefdinir, Cloud point, Diazotization, Spectrophotometric, Triton X-114.


A sensitive spectrophotometric method was developed for the estimation of cefdinir (CFD), a cephalosporin species. This study involves two methods, and the first method includes the preparing of azo dye by the reaction of CFD diazonium salt with 4-Tert-Butylphenol (4-TBP) and 2-Naphthol (2-NPT) in alkaline medium, which shows colored dyes measured at λmax 490 and 535 nm, respectively. Beer's law was obeyed along the concentration range of (3-100) μ The limits of detection were 0.246, 0.447 μ and molar absorptivities were 0.6129×104, 0.3361×104 L.mol-1cm-1 for (CFD-4-TBP) and (CFD-2-NPT), respectively. The second method includes preconcentration for cefdinir dyes by using cloud point extraction in the presence of Triton X-114 (10% v/v) and recording measurements using the UV-Visible technique. Cloud point extraction enables the drug to be precisely estimated under the optimal experimental conditions. The concentrations were ranged between (0.1-6.0) and (0.2-6.0) μ The limits of detection were 0.032, 0.054 μ and molar absorptivities were 0.4733×105, 0.2788×105 L.mol-1cm-1, respectively. Enrichment factors were 24.61, 24.58, and distribution coefficients were 1526, 1393 for (CFD-4-TBP), (CFD-2-NPT), respectively. The proposed methods have been applied for the determination of CFD in commercial formulation with no interference. The results appear to be no significant difference between the two methods.

How to Cite
Journal BS. New Spectrophotometric Estimation and Cloud Point Extraction of Cefdinir. BJS [Internet]. 9Dec.2018 [cited 17Jan.2019];15(4):425-3. Available from: