Incidence of intestinal parasitic infections among random samples at Al- Aziziyah hospital in Wasit province/Iraq

Main Article Content

Zeina Anwar Jaffar
ashwak jasim Kzar Shammari
Maysoon Abdul-zahra Merdaw



     The study is designed to identify intestinal parasitic infections examined at Al-Aziziyah Hospital in Wasit Governorate in Iraq. In this study, a total of (460) internal and external patients were monitored for intestinal parasitic infections. All stool samples were analyzed by the direct method (microscopic exam.) to discover the trophozoite stages and cyst stages for intestinal protozoan parasites. The most incidence parasites in different sex, area residence and different age groups. Out of (460) patient sample were infected with 217 at a percentage of (47.17%), 101(46.5%) were for males and 116 (53.5%) were for females. It was found that the numbers and percentages of a single (one type of parasite) and double (two type of parasite) infections were 207(95.4 %), 10 (4.6 %) respectively. Intestinal parasitic infections were found in (95.4 %) of the study population (17.9 % 1-5 age).  E. histolytica was more common among the positive samples collected from intestinal parasitic species detected in this work. The prevalence of parasitic infection was significantly higher among younger age groups compared with older age groups. The age group 55 years had the highest incidence rate (17.9%) compared with other age groups (7.8%). The distribution of parasitic diseases between rural areas was 66.4% and urban areas was 33.6%.n conclusion, the incidence of intestinal parasitic infection among random sample demands improvement of health education with environmental sanitation and quality of water sources.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jaffar ZA, Shammari ashwak jasim K, Merdaw MA- zahra. Incidence of intestinal parasitic infections among random samples at Al- Aziziyah hospital in Wasit province/Iraq. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2021Jun.1 [cited 2021Dec.4];18(2):0217. Available from:


Daniel G,Yeshi M, Abdurahaman S, Genet M F, and Alemu G. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among children under 5 years of age at Dessie Referral Hospital: cross sectional study. BMC Research Notes. 2018; 11: 771.

Chien W L, Chung J F, Cheng Y K. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school children in capital areas of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe. AJHS. 2016; 16(3): 690–697.

Adekunle L. Intestinal Parasites and Nutritional Status of Nigerian Children. AJBR. 2015; 4(5):115–119

World Health Organization. The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012: 2–5.

Shubair ME, Yassin MM, AL-Hindi AL, AL-Wahaidi AA, Jaddallah SY, and Abu Shaaban ND. Intestinal parasites in relation to hemoglobin level and nutritional status of school children in Gaza. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 2000; 30: 365-375.

Brito LL, Barreto ML, Silva R C, Assis AM, et al. Risk factors for iron- deficiency anemia in children and adolescents with intestinal helminthic infection. Rev. Panam Sal. Publ 2003; 14: 122-131.

Jeevitha D, Pradeep PS, Kanchana M. Comparative Study of the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Low Socioeconomic Areas from South Chennai, India. 2014, 7p.

Ruankham W, Bunchu N, Koychusakun P. Prevalence of helminthic infections and risk factors in villagers of Nanglae Sub-District, Chiang Rai province, Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai. 2014; 97(4):29–35.

Molouk B, Esmat P, Abdollah R. Status of intestinal parasitic infections among rural and urban populations, southwestern Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2019; 12(3):130-136.

Pisit S, and Amornrat D. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Associated Risk Factors for Infection among Rural Communities of Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. Korean J Parasitol. 2018; 56(1): 33–39.

Davis AN, Haque R, Petri WA. Update on protozoan parasites of the intestine. Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol. 2002; 18:10-4.

Scolari C, Torti C, Beltrame A, Matteelli A, et al. Prevalence and distribution of soiltransmitted helminth (STH) infections in urban and indigenous schoolchildren in Ortigueira, State of Parana, Brasil: implications for control. Journal of Tropical. Medicin and International Health 2000; 5: 302-307.

Gurrant RL, Walker DH,& Weller PF. Tropical infectious disease: Principles, pathogens, and practice. Philadephia .Elsevier . 2nd 2005, 1760 PP.

Farah Amer Abed. Prevalence and Lab. Diagnosis of Intestinal Protozoa in Children under 10 years (Amoebiasis and Giardiasis) in AL- Mansour General Hospital for Pediatics / Bahdad 2008. Thesis for degrec of Higher Diploma/ college and Medical Technology Chap2.P2.

Azmeraw A, Moges W, and Alemayehu R. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Food Handlers at Prison, East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia. Journal of advance in medicine.2019; 2101089.

Hala A, Dalia A, Abeer A. Giardia diagnostic methods in human fecal samples: A comparative study. Cytometry Part B 2013; 44–49.

Omar SO, Esam SA, Mohamed IW, Abdulaziz Ag, Mahmoud YL. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Patients of King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia: A 5-Year Retrospective Study. Journal of Parasitology Research. 2018;8 pages.

Marawan A, Abu M, Behnke, A, and Sonia B. Assessing the burden of intestinal parasites affecting newly arrived immigrants in Qatar. Journal of Paediatr Child Health. Journal of Parasites and Vectors. 2016; 9:619.

Peterson KM. Strategies for combating waterborne diarrheal diseases in the developing world: 2008 Investigating current appropriate technologies and communication methods in environmental public health. Peterson paper.

Zemene T, and Shiferaw MB. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children under the age of 5 years attending the Debre Birhan referral hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia. Journal of Biomedicine. 2018; 22:11(1):58.

Gyanendra G, Dipendra P, Binita A. Intestinal Parasitic infections among School children. Medical Journal of Shree Birendra Hospital 2014; 13(1).

Yahya T, Daoud KM. Dakhil HD, Khalaf AM. Study the infection with intestinal parasites (Entamoeba histolytica) and its effect on the blood nature in children from Thi-Qar province. Journal of Thi Qar science. 2014; 2 (6), 43-46.

Mezeid N, Shaldoum F, Al-Hindi AI, Mohamed FS. Prevalence of intestinal parasites among the population of the Gaza Strip, Palestine. Journal of Annals of Parasitology. 2014; 60:281–9.

Omar SO, Amer S, Al-Malki, I, et al. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Patients of King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia: A 5-Year Retrospective Study in Qatar. Journal of Parasitology Research. 2018; 8:4-8.