Designing Primers with a Plant Signal Peptide to Enhance the Expression of GBA1 in Transgenic Soybean Plants

Main Article Content

Zainab Tuama Aldahlee

Abstract

Transgenic plants offer advantages for the manufacture of recombinant proteins with terminal
mannose residues on their glycan chains. So plants are chosen as source of pharmaceutical products and for
the development of alternative expression systems to produce recombinant lysosomal enzymes. In the
present study the sequence of the natural cDNA encoding for the human lysosomal enzyme
glucocerebrosidase (GCD) was modified to enhance its expression in soybean plants. The glucocerebrosidase
gene signal peptide was substituted with that signal peptide for the Arabidopsis thaliana basic endochitinase
gene to support the co-translational translocation into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the storage
vacuole. So, targeting signal from tobacco chitinase A, to facilitate GCD trafficking from the ER to the
storage vacuole, appropriate primers were designed containing both an ER and vacuolar targeting signals,
(VTS). Those primers were used for PCR amplification of the human GBA gene (Hu-GBA) gene from
constructed PGEM-GBA plasmid which was cloned in the plant expression vector pCAMBIA1304. The
resulted construct was transported in Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 and was used for
transformation of cotyledon explants. After 5-day of seedling, cotyledons were cut and used as explants.
After infection and co-cultivation, hygromycin B was added in selection media as a selective agent for the
transformants cotyledons. The presence of the Hu-GBA transgene in the genomes of transgenic plants was
determined by polymerase chain reaction PCR as a band of size1587 bp. The GBA mRNA expression in
modified soybean was detected by qRT-PCR compared with control GBA mRNA.

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Aldahlee ZT. Designing Primers with a Plant Signal Peptide to Enhance the Expression of GBA1 in Transgenic Soybean Plants. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2021Dec.1 [cited 2021Dec.4];18(4):1173. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/4401
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