Designing a Microstrip Patch Antenna in Part of Ultra-Wideband Applications

Main Article Content

Wa'il A. Godaymi Al-Tumah
Raed Shaaban
Zeki Ahmed


In this work, a simulated study was carried out for designing a novel spiral rectangular patch of microstrip antenna that is used in ultra-wideband applications by using a high frequency structure simulator software (HFSS). A substrate with dielectric constant of 4.4 and height 2.10 mm (commercial substrate height available is about 0.8-1.575 mm) has been used for the design of the proposed antenna. The design basis for enhancing bandwidth in the frequency range 6.63 - 10.93 GHz is based on increasing the edge areas that positively affect the antenna's efficiency. This design makes the designed antenna cost less by reducing the area of the patch. It has been noticed that the bandwidth of the antenna under this study is increasing to 4.30 GHz or 61% compared with 3.6% for the standard rectangular microstrip antenna with the same dimensions of the proposed antenna. The antenna also maintains the voltage standing wave ratio of 1.09 at resonant frequency 7.07 GHz, return loss -27.07 dB, and the amount of impedance in real and imaginary parts 51.5Ω and 3.3Ω, respectively.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Godaymi Al-Tumah W, Shaaban R, Ahmed Z. Designing a Microstrip Patch Antenna in Part of Ultra-Wideband Applications. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2020Dec.1 [cited 2021Jan.20];17(4):1216. Available from:
Author Biography

Wa'il A. Godaymi Al-Tumah, University of Basrah

C. V. of Dr. Wa’il A. Godaymi Al-Tumah
Title: Assistant Professor of Electromagnetic Computations
Phone: +964 (0)7801138140
+964 (0)7708477984
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Location: Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah / Iraq
Having graduated from University of Basrah with a B Sc in Physics in 1995, I took a year out
embarking on an M Sc in Microwave Antennas at the same University. My PhD in
Electromagnetic Computations was completed at Basrah University in early 2008. I work as a
visitor researcher (Volunteer) in Electron Microscope Unit, Research Institute for Science &
Technology in Medicine, School of Life Science, Keele University from 10th March 2014 till
5th September 2017.
- 2008 Ph.D.: Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah
"Electromagnetic Radiation from Circular–Shaped Microstrip Antennas as Bodies of
- 1999 M.Sc.: Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah "The
Radiation Patterns of Linear and Planar arrays of Short Backfire Antennas Excited by a
Coaxial Waveguide".
- 1995 B.Sc.: Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah.
Research and Scholarship
My current research interests are in the electromagnetic computations, circular polarization,
reduced the radar cross section, Health effects from exposure to electromagnetic radiation
(EMR), the side effects of the microwave radiation on the animal tissues, and the auditory
brainstem response (ABR) system. I am part of the Microwave Research Group within the
Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah.


Garg R, Bhartia P, Bahl IJ, Ittipiboon A. Microstrip antenna design handbook. London, Artech House Inc., 2001.

Balanis CA. Antenna theory: analysis and design. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2016.

Bansal R. Fundamentals of Engineering Electromagnetics. Boca Raton: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, 2006.

Godaymi Al-Tumah WA, Mohammed AK, Ahmed ZA. Determination of Surface Currents on Circular Microstrip Antennas. J electromagn Eng Sci. 2012 ;12(4):260-70.

Richie JE, Ababei C. Optimization of patch antennas via multithreaded simulated annealing based design exploration J Comput Des Eng. 2017;4(4):249-255.

Godaymi Al-Tumah WA, Shaaban RM, Tahir AS. Design, simulation and measurement of triple band annular ring microstrip antenna based on shape of crescent moon. AEU Int J Electron C. 2020 Feb; 15:153133.

Mudgal R, Shrivastava L. Microstrip V Slot Patch Antenna Using An H–Slot Defected Ground Structure (DGS). IJTEEE. 2014; 2(2):21-24.

Shaaban RM, Ahmed ZA, Godaymi Al-Tumah WA. Design and analysis for circular microstrip antenna loaded by two annular rings. GJCST. 2017 ;17(1):30-35.

Nguyen C, Miao M. Design of CMOS RFIC ultra-wideband impulse transmitters and receivers. Springer; 2017.

Yang T, Suh SY, Nealy R, Davis WA, Stutzman WL. Compact antennas for UWB applications. Aero El Sys Mag. 2004; 19(5):16-20.

Djaiz A, Habib MA, Nedil M, Denidni TA. Design of UWB filter-antenna with notched band at 5.8 GHz. In2009 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium 2009 Jun 1 (pp. 1-4). IEEE.

Kumar H, Upadhayay MD. Design of UWB filter with WLAN notch. Int J Antenn Propag. 2012 ;3(1):45-47.

Shameena VA, Mridula S, Pradeep A, Jacob S, Lindo AO, Mohanan P. A compact CPW fed slot antenna for ultrawide band applications. AEU Int J Electron C. 2012 ;66(3):189-194.

Cicchetti R, Miozzi E, Testa O. Wideband and UWB antennas for wireless applications: A comprehensive review. Int J Antenn Propag. 2017; 2017:1-45.

Azarm B, Nourinia J, Ghobadi C, Karamirad M. Novel Design of Dual Band-Notched Rectangular Monopole Antenna with Bandwidth Enhancement for UWB Applications. In Electrical Engineering (ICEE), Iranian Conference on 2018 May 8 (pp. 567-571). IEEE.

Choi J, Chung K, Roh Y. Parametric analysis of a band rejection antenna for UWB application. Microw Opt Techn Let. 2005;47(3):287-290.

Ahmed O, Sebak AR. A compact UWB butterfly shaped planar monopole antenna with bandstop characteristic. In 2009 13th International Symposium on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics and the Canadian Radio Science Meeting. IEEE. 2009 Feb 15 (pp. 1-3)..

Eshtiaghi R, Zaker R, Nouronia J, Ghobadi C. UWB semi-elliptical printed monopole antenna with subband rejection filter. Aeu Int J Electron C. 2010 ;64(2):133-141.

Li L, Zhou ZI, Hong JS, Wang BZ. Compact ultra-wideband printed monopole antenna. Electron lett. 2011;47(16):894-896.

Ali JK, Yassen MT, Hussan MR, Hasan MF. A new compact ultra wideband printed monopole antenna with reduced ground plane and band notch characterization. PIER. 2012 Mar 27;1531-1536.

Mark R, Mishra N, Mandal K, Sarkar PP, Das S. Hexagonal ring fractal antenna with dumb bell shaped defected ground structure for multiband wireless applications. Aeu Int J Electron C. 2018 ;94(2):42-50.

Alibakhshi-Kenari M, Naser-Moghadasi M. Novel UWB miniaturized integrated antenna based on CRLH metamaterial transmission lines. Aeu Int J Electron C. 2015; 69(8):1143-1149.

Bakariya PS, Dwari S, Sarkar M. Triple band notch UWB printed monopole antenna with enhanced bandwidth. Aeu Int J Electron C. 2015 ;69(1):26-30.

Zarrabi FB, Mansouri Z, Gandji NP, Kuhestani H. Triple-notch UWB monopole antenna with fractal Koch and T-shaped stub. Aeu Int J Electron C 2016 ;70(1):64-69.

Jayasinghe JW, Saraereh OA. Bandwidth optimization of an ultra-wide band microstrip antenna. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information, Communication, Instrumentation and Control, Indore, India, 2017 ;(pp. 1-4).

Godaymi Al-Tumah WA, Shaaban RM, Tahir AS, Ahmed ZA. Multi-forked microstrip patch antenna for broadband application. J. Phys. Conf 2019 Jul (Vol. 1279, No. 1, p. 012025). IOP Publishing.

Hati K, Sabbar N, El Hajjaji A, Asselman H. A Novel Multiband Patch Antenna Array for Satellite Applications. Procedia Eng. 2017 Jan 1; 181:496-502.

Fanat BN, Prabhakar NM. Quad Band Microstrip Antenna for Mobile and GNSS application. IJRITCC. 2017; 5(4):226-228.

Godaymi Al-Tumah WA, Shaaban RM, Ahmed ZA. A modified E-shaped microstrip patch antenna for dual band in x-and ku-bands applications. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019 Jul (Vol. 1234, No. 1, p. 012028).