Effects of the Ferrits Addition on the Properties of Polyethylene Terephthalate

Main Article Content

Abbas K. Saadon
Auday Hattem Shaban
Kareem A. Jasim


The products of composites material are very sesetive to many variables, such as manufacturing process, additive materials, …. etc. Filler or additive plays a major role to determine the formation of the properties and behavior of the composites. In this study, polyethylene terephthalate-based compounds were produced and characterized. The work is concerned to prepare samples of Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) - zinc-ferrite (ZnFe2O4) with different addition ratio as zinc-ferrite (1, 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20) wt% obtained from mixing the solution with a hot pressing method applied under optimum conditions. The densities of the composites for all samples were calculated. Through the work the diffusion of zinc-ferrite into the grain of Polyethylene terephthalate has been noted.  Structural properties are studied by using X-ray powder pattern, the results of the XRD diffraction analysis showed that the structure for pure PET has four broad peaks at the (2θ=16.46°,17.45°, 22.72°,25.98°). The non-crystalline behavior of the polymer and the ceramic compound indicates the presence of a crystalline phase with a single cubic structure with a space group fd-3m (227)) (a=b=c=8.44 Å, V=601.45 (Å)³). While adding zinc-ferrite to PET in different concentrations to obtain (PET / ZnFe2O4) composites material will increase the intensity of the X-ray peaks, and change the location of the peaks with the addition of zinc-ferrite. It is noted that X-ray diffraction patterns for PET / ZnFe2O4 (20%) indicates that there was no apparent variation of the patterns of pure Zn-ferrite ceramic diffraction which showed that the crystalline structure remains stable in PET / ZnFe2O4. In addition, the electrical properties of the compounds represented by the dielectric constant (real and imaginary), dielectric loss ( tanδ) and the A.C conductivity as a function of a range of frequencies (50Hz-1MHz) have been measured. The results indicated that these properties increase with increasing concentrations of ceramic addition. On the other hand, these properties decrease with increasing frequency due to the change in polarization mechanisms. It has been proven that these prepared superposed materials possess good stability properties in a wide range of frequencies, making these polymeric overlays of wide use in many applications. As for the measurements of Shore D hardness, it has been shown that the hardness of the compounds increases with increasing ceramic concentrations.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Saadon AK, Shaban AH, Jasim KA. Effects of the Ferrits Addition on the Properties of Polyethylene Terephthalate. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. [cited 2022Jan.18];19(1):0208. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/5055


Al-Sarraf AH, Khodair ZT, Manssor MI, Abbas RA, Shaban AH. Preparation and characterization of ZnO nanotripods and nanoflowers by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) technique, AIP Conf. Proc. 2018;1968: 030005 (1-6).

Ramos FJHTV. Mendes LC. Recycled high-density polyethylene/ gypsum composites: evaluation of the microscopic, thermal, flammability, and mechanical properties. Green Chem Lett Rev. 2014; 7(2):199-208.

Gorrasi G, D'Ambrosio S, Patimo G, Pantani R. Hybrid claycarbon nanotube/PET composites: Preparation, processing, and analysis of physical properties. J Appl Polym Sci. 2014; 131(13):40441.

Kilinc M, Cakal GO, Bayram G, Eroglu I, Özkar S. Flame retardancy and mechanical properties of pet-based composites containing phosphorus and boron-based additives. J Appl Polym Sci. 2015; 132(22):42016.

Kandola BK. Composites. Fire Retardant Materials Horrocks AR, Price D, eds. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 2001.

Chae DW, Kim BC. Thermal and rheological properties of highly concentrated PET composites with ferrite nanoparticles. Compos Sci Tech. 2007; 67(7-8):1348-1352.

Fu S, Wu P, Han Z. Tensile strength and rupture energy of hybrid poly (methylvinylsiloxane) composites reinforced with short PET fibers and wollastonite whiskers. Compos Sci Tech. 2002; 62(1):3-8.

Vergés MA, Martinez M, Matijevié E. Synthesis and characterization of zinc ferrite particles prepared by hydrothermal decomposition of zinc chelate solutions. J Mater Res. 1993 Nov; 8(11):2916-20.

Jaafar HI, Hussein SI. Study of Thermal Conductivity and Solution Absorption for Epoxy–Talc Composites. Iraqi J Sci. 2017; 58(4B):2107-11.

Younis DH, Jasim KA, Ali MM, Saadon AK. Study the Physical and Dielectric Properties of Ferrite–Sic Composite. DJPS. 2014; 10(2-part 2):108-15.

Kadhim BB, Risan RH, Shaban AH, Jasim KA. Electrical characteristics of nickel/ epoxy - Unsaturated polyester blend nanocomposites, AIP Conf. Proc. 2019, 2123: 020062-(1-5).

Saadon AK. The Effect of Silica SiO2 on the Dielectric and Physical Properties of Mn–Ni Ferrite. IHJPAS. 2017 May 7; 25(3):186-91.

Lebourgeois R, Coillot C. Mn–Zn ferrites for magnetic sensor in space applications. J Appl Phys. 2008 Apr 1; 103(7):07E510.

Hossain AA, Biswas TS, Yanagida T, Tanaka H, Tabata H, Kawai T. Investigation of structural and magnetic properties of polycrystalline Ni0.50Zn0.50−xMgxFe2O4 spinel ferrites. Mater Chem Phys. 2010 Apr 15; 120(2-3):461-7.

Yaghmour SJ, Hafez M, Ali K, Elshirbeeny W. The influence of zinc ferrites nanoparticles on the thermal, mechanical, and magnetic properties of rubber nanocomposites. Polym Compos. 2012 Oct; 33(10):1672-7.

Jassim KA, Thejeel MA, Salman EM, Mahdi SH. Study characteristics of (epoxy–bentonite doped) composite materials. Energy Procedia. 2017 Jul 1;119:670-9.

Nayak J, Balas VE, Favorskaya MN, Choudhury BB, Rao SK, Naik B. ApplicationsApplications of Robotics in Industry Using Advanced Mechanisms. Proceedings of International Conference on Robotics and Its Industrial Applications 2019. Springer Nature; 2019 Sep 3.

Das-Gupta DK, Doughty K. Polymer-ceramic composite materials with high permittivities. Thin Solid Films. 1988; 158:93-105.

Zhang L, Zhang J, Yue Z, Li L. New three-phase polymer-ceramic composite materials for miniaturized microwave antennas. Aip Adv. 2016 Sep 28; 6(9):095319.

Samara J M. Some properties of the Dielectic polymer – ceramic piezoelectric (Pb_PVC (Zr0.6, Ti0.4)O3). Al-ANJS. 2014; 17(3):25-8.‎

Khalid R, Al-Rawi|Ali Ab,|Samara J. Aljoboury. Fracture Toughness and Hardness studying for Polymer-Ceramic Composite. Baghdad Sc J.2014; 11(2). DOI: https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2014.11.2.547-553

Kesarwani S, Rai AK, Sachann V. An experimental study on box-type solar cooker. Int J Adv Res Eng Technol. 2015 Jul; 6(7).

Tsekmes IA, Kochetov R, Morshuis PH, Smit JJ. Thermal conductivity of polymeric composites: A review. In2013 IEEE International Conference on Solid Dielectrics (ICSD) 2013 Jun 30 : 678-681.

Kareem A J , Rihab N F, Auday H S, Harith I J, Bushra KH, Aleabi S H , et al.The effects of copper additives on the glass transition temperature and hardness for epoxy resin, Prog. Ind. Ecol. 2019, 13( 2) :163-172.

Abraham R, Thomas SP, Kuryan S, Isac J, Varughese KT, Thomas S. Mechanical properties of ceramic-polymer nanocomposites. Express Polym Lett. 2009 Mar 1; 3(3):177-89.

Kareem A J, Widad H J, Shatha H M. The effect of sunlight on medium density polyethylene Water pipes, Energy Procedia. 2017,119C: 650-655.

Kareem A J, Rihab N F. The Effects of micro Aluminum fillers In Epoxy resin on the thermal conductivity, J Phys Conf. 2018, 1003, 012082, 1-7.

Ramajo LA, Ramírez MA, Bueno PR, Reboredo MM, Castro MS. Dielectric behaviour of CaCu3Ti4O12-epoxy composites. Mater Res. 2008 Mar; 11(1):85-8.

May A N, Kareem A J, Nabil N R. Structural properties different between two types of PE subjected to heat treatment. J Phys Conf. 1003, 012125:1-5. 2018.

Shatha H M, Widad H J, Intisar A H, Kareem A J. Epoxy/Silicone Rubber Blends for Voltage Insulators and Capacitors Applications. Energy Procedia. 2017; 119C: 501-506.