New Spectral Range Generations from Laser-plasma Interaction

Main Article Content

Shaimaa S. Mahdi
Kadhim A. Aadim
Madyan A. Khalaf

Abstract

            High-intensity laser-produced plasma has been extensively investigated in many studies. In this demonstration, a new spectral range was observed in the resulted spectra from the laser-plasma interaction, which opens up new discussions for new light source generation. Moreover, the characterizations of plasma have been improved through the interaction process of laser-plasma. Three types of laser were incorporated in the measurements, continuous-wave CW He-Ne laser, CW diode green laser, pulse Nd: YAG laser. As the plasma system, DC glow discharge plasma under the vacuum chamber was considered in this research. The plasma spectral peaks were evaluated, where they refer to Nitrogen gas. The results indicated that the plasma intensity increased from several thousands to several tens of thousands through the process of interaction of the Nd: YAG laser with the plasma. This increase in the intensity of the plasma as laser intensity increased occurs regardless of laser wavelength involved in the interaction or not. According to laser-plasma interaction, the so-called full width at half maximum FWHM of the highest peak in the plasma spectrum was broadened from 1.43 to 2.73. Considering the equation of plasma density computing, the plasma density was increased from 1.07× 1018 to 2.05× 1018   cm-3 with increasing FWHM. As a result of the interaction, the electron temperature of plasma was increased from 0.176 to 0.782 eV. It was also noticed that the position of the highest peak in the plasma spectrum depends on the interacted laser wavelength.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Mahdi SS, Aadim KA, Khalaf MA. New Spectral Range Generations from Laser-plasma Interaction. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. [cited 2021May9];18(4):1328. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/5198
Section
article

References

Krushelnick K, Clark E L, Najmudin Z, Salvati M, Santala M I K, Tatarakis M, et al. Multi- MeV Ion Production from High-Intensity Laser Interactions with Underdense Plasmas. Phys Rev Lett. 1999; 83: 737 – 740.

Francis Th, Jean-François D, Jean-Claude K, François V, Marc Ch. Laser-guided energetic discharges over large air gaps by electric-field. Sci Rep. 2017; 7:1-8.

Tikhonchuk V, Gu Y J, Klimo O, Limpouch J, Weber S. Studies of laser-plasma interaction physics with low-density targets for direct-drive. MRE. April 2019; 4: 045402-8.

Hideyuki K, Masaki K, Hideki D, Syuji K, Takahiro W, Toru U. Compact X-ray sources by intense laser interactions with beams and plasmas. Nucl Instrum Meth A. 2000; 455: 166-171.

Camacho J J, Díaz L, Santos M, Juan L J, Poyato J M L. Optical Breakdown in gases induced by high-power IR CO2 laser pulses. J Opt Research. 2011;13(1|2):86-171.

Jam Y, Elnaz Y, Amir Ch, Elnaz K. Theory of the ultra-intense short-pulse laser interaction with under-dense plasma. Plasma Phy. 2015; 1507:1-60.

Batani D. Introduction to laser-plasma interaction and its applications. Universita degli Studi di Roma: Kluwer Academic I Plenum. 2001, P. 120.

Steve C, Peter S, Hans Wilhelmsson. The introduction of high-power lasers with plasmas. Madrid Polytechnic University: IOP publishing; 2002. 74-85.

Walton B R, Mangles S P D, Najmudin Z, Tatarakis M, Wei M S, Gopal A, et al. Measurements of forward scattered laser radiation from intense sub-ps laser interactions with underdense plasmas. Phys. Plasmas, 2006; 13:1-9.

Tikhonchuk V T. Physics of laser plasma interaction and particle transport in the context of inertial. Nucl Fusion. 2019; 59: 1-11.

Xiaofeng LI, Bo Li, Jixu L, Zhifeng Zhu, Dayuan Zhang, Yifu Tian, et al. Enhancement of femtosecond laser-induced plasma fluorescence using a nanosecond Laser. Opt. Exp., 2019 ;27(4): 5755-5763.

Sanjay V, Jane S, Benjamin B, Joseph M. Plasma enhancement of femtosecond laser-induced electromagnetic pulses at metal and dielectric surfaces. Opt Eng. 2014; 53(5):1-5.

Alonso A. A spectroscopic study of laser-induced tin-leas plasma: Transition probabilities for spectral lines of Sn I. Spectrochim Acta B. 2010; 65:158-166.

An official website of the United States government [Internet]. National institute of standards and technology., Available from: https://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?Mask=8&Source=1975CAR%2FDUN100&Units=SI

Rehan I, Khan A, Muhammad R, Khan M Z, Hafeez A, Nadeem A, et al. Operational and Spectral Characteristics of a Sr–Ne Glow Discharge Plasma. AJSE. 2019; 18: 1-8.

Rehan I, Gondal M A, Rehan K. Determination of lead content in drilling fueled soil using laser induced spectral analysis and its cross validation using ICP/OES method. Talanta. 2018;182: 443-449.

Rehan I, Rehan K, Sultana S, Haq M O, Niazi M Z K, Muhammad R. Spatial characterization of red and white skin potatoes using nano-second laser induced breakdown in air. J Appl Phys. 2016; 73: 10701-10708.

Brodrick J P, Kingham R J, Marinak M M, Pate M V, Chankin A V, Omotani J T, et al. Testing nonlocal models of electron thermal conduction for magnetic and inertial confinement fusion applications. Phys Plasmas. 2017; 24: 092309-14.

Li B, Tian Y, Gao Q, Zhang D, Li X, Zhu Z, et al. Filamentary anemometry using femtosecond laser extended electric discharge. Opt Exp. 2018; 26(16):21132–21140.

Ivanov N G, Losev V F, Prokop V E, Sitnik K A, Zyatikov I A. High time-resolved spectroscopy of filament plasma in air. Opt Commun. 2019; 431(15):120–125.

Kavita A, Tushare J, Claire M B. Fluorescence Microscopy Light Sources. Microscopy Today. 2014; https:// doi:10.1017/S1551929512000399.

Khaleefa1 Z, Mahdi Sh, Yaseen S. Numerical Analysis of CW Raman Amplifier in Silicon-on- Insulator Nano-Waveguides. IOP Conf Ser. Mater Sci Eng. 2020; 757: 012022.