Protection of Galvanized steel from corrosion in salt media using sulfur nanoparticles

Main Article Content

Rasha A. Jassim
Muna S. Sando
Ahlam M. Farhan


                The characteristics of sulfur nanoparticles were studied by using atomic force microscope (AFM) analysis. The atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements showed that the average size of sulfur nanoparticles synthesized using thiosulfate sodium solution through the extract of cucurbita pepo extra was 93.62 nm. Protecting galvanized steel from corrosion in salt media was achieved by using sulfur nanoparticles in different temperatures. The obtained data of thermodynamic in the presence of sulfur nanoparticles referred to high value as compares to counterpart in the absence of sulfur nanoparticles, the high inhibition efficiency (%IE) and corrosion resistance were at high temperature, the corrosion rate or weight loss decreased with increasing temperature in the presence of sulfur nanoparticles. The positive value of enthalpy ∆H* for galvanized steel with and without sulfur nanoparticles indicates that the reaction was endothermic. Therefore, the sulfur nanoparticles can be suggested as good inhibitor for galvanization in salt media.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jassim RA, Sando MS, Farhan AM. Protection of Galvanized steel from corrosion in salt media using sulfur nanoparticles. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2022Apr.1 [cited 2022Jun.26];19(2):0347. Available from:


Mohd SA, Jitendra P, Yeoung SY. Biogenic Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles by Plant Extracts. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2013; 1: 591−602.

Siavash I. Green synthesis of metal nanoparticles using plants. Green Chem. 2011; 13: 2638–2650.

Nidá M S, Luma SA, Akl MA, Qusay MI , Amany OA. Green Synthesis of Nano-Sized Sulfur and Its Effect on Plant Growth. AS Journal. 2016; 8(1):188-194.

Priti P, Mahendra R. Bio-inspired synthesis of sulphur nanoparticles using leaf extract of four medicinal plants with special reference to their antibacterial activity. IET Nanobiotechnol.2018; 12(1): 25 – 31.

Abdel Hamid ZS, Abd El Rehim S, Ebrahim MA. Improvement the Corrosion Resistance for the Galvanized Steel by Adding Sn. JSEMAT. 2016; 6: 58-71.

Merajul MH, Alam SL, Moniruzzaman M ,Mohar AB. Corrosion comparison of galvanized steel and aluminum in aqueous environments. IJAME. 2014;9:1758-1767.

Latifi, M, Barimavandi A, Sedaghathoor S, Lipayi SR. Sowing Date and Plant Population Effects on Seed Yield of Cucurbita pepo. Int. J. Agric. Biol.2012; 14(4): 641–644.

Pankaj KK, Ram A, Awani KS , Eldho V. Postharvest treatments to reduce chilling injury in summer squash (Cucurbita pepo) fruits during storage. Indian J Agr Sci.2019; 89 (10): 1633–7.

Nejneru C, Savin C, Perju M C, Burduhos N D, Costea M , Bejinariu C. Studies on galvanic corrosion of metallic materials in marine Medium. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng.2019; 10: 1-8.

Hayfaa A A. Corrosion and Corrosion Inhibition Study of Galvanized Steel in Salty Acidic and Basic Media. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, University of Baghdad ,College of Pharmacy.2012.

Tripathi RM., Pragadeeshwara RR, Takuya T. Green synthesis of sulfur nanoparticles and evaluation of their catalytic detoxification of hexavalent chromium in water. RSC Adv. 2018; 8: 36345–36352.

Chicea D, Indrea E, Cretu C M. Assesing Fe3O4 nanoparticle size by DLS, XRD and AFM. JOAM. 2012;14(5- 6): 460 – 466.

Renate H, Seniz S, Rémi C, Linus C, Ines G, Natalia C, Brigitta P, Andreas K F. AFM as an analysis tool for high-capacity sulfur cathodes for Li–S batteries. Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 2013; 4: 611–624.

Badiea A. M., Hani A D, Abdulghani A. S. , Kikkeri N M. Inhibition of Low Carbon Steel Pipes of Heat Exchangers in Industrial Water Medium by Some Plants Extract. J. Mater. Environ. Sci.2013; 4 (3):390-403.

Abdulrasoul Salih Mahdi. Amoxicillin As Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Concrete Reinforced Steel In Simulated Concrete Pore Solution Containing Chloride. Ijaret.2014; 5(6): 99-107.

Ayman MA, Hamad AA, Gamal AE, Abdel ROE. Application of Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles as Thin Films as Corrosion Inhibitors for Carbon Steel Alloy in 1M Hydrochloric Acid, Hindawi Publishing Corporation. JNM. 2013; 10 :1-8.

Noor AK, Abdulkareem MA. Role of Carbon Dioxide on the Corrosion of Carbon Steel Reinforcing Bar in Simulating Concrete Electrolyte. Baghdad Sci. J.2020; 17(1):93-98.

Olatunde AA , Oludare JO, Ebenezer LO .Thermodynamics and adsorption study of the corrosion inhibition of mild steel by Euphorbia heterophylla L. extract in 1.5 M HCl, Results in Materials.2020; 5 :1-7.

Batah A, Anejjar A, Belkhaouda M, Bammou L, Salghi R, Bazzi L, Hammouti B, chetouani A. Electrochemical and thermodynamic study of the inhibitory efficacy of Methanol extracts of the Rind and Leaves of Grapefruit plant on the corrosion of carbon steel in an acidic medium. Mor. J. Chem.2017; 5 (3 ): 404-416.

Hamdy A, Nour SG. Thermodynamic, adsorption and electrochemical studies for corrosion inhibition of carbon steel by henna extract in acid medium, Egypt. J Pet., 2013; 22: 17–25.

Norzila M, Anis S I. Thermodynamic Study of Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in Corrosive Medium by Piper nigrum Extract , Indian J. Sci. Technol. 2015;8(17): 63478.

Kai Z, Renbo S, Yi G. Corrosion Behavior of Hot-dip Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steel Sheet in a Simulated Marine Atmospheric Environment. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci..2019; 14 : 1488 – 1499.