Algal study in springs and streams from Shaqlawa district, Erbil Province, Iraq I- Euglenophyta

Main Article Content

Janan Jabbar Toma
Farhad Hassan Aziz

Abstract

In an intensive study of the various species of the Euglenophyceae under different environmental conditions, the algal samples were collected monthly in twelve springs and six related streams from September 2019 to August 2020 within Shaglawa district-Erbil Province in virgin areas for phycolimnological study. Twenty species of Euglenophyceaen are identified as a new record for the algal flora. These taxa consist of Colacium vesiculosum, Lepocinclis salina and L.wangi, Eutreptia viridis, Euglena chlamydophora, E. clavata, E. geniculata, E.  intermedia var klebsii, E. limnophila, E. oblonga, E. sociabilis, E. stellate and E. variabilis, Peranema sacculus, Phacus circumflexus, Ph. dangeardii, Ph. peteloti, Petalomonas mediocanella var disomata, Trachelomonas manginii, and T. volvocina var derephora. All of these new records are described and illustrated as much as possible. According to physicals and chemicals characteristics, water temperature varied from 14.942˚C to 18.475˚C, pH lies on alkaline side of neutrality, electrical conductivity ranged between (627.472-2092.306µs/cm) and high concentration of salinity recorded in Azarian spring.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Toma JJ, Aziz FH. Algal study in springs and streams from Shaqlawa district, Erbil Province, Iraq I- Euglenophyta. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. [cited 2021Dec.4];19(3):0483. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/6419
Section
article

References

Xu M, Wang Z, Duan X, Pan B. Effects of pollution on macroinvertebrates and water quality bio-assessment. Hydrobiologia. 2014; 729(1): 247-59.

Dhakal S, Rai SK, Chalise P, Thapa TK. Algal Flora of Gajedi Lake, Rupandehi District, Central Nepal. J Plant Res. 2020; 18(1): 27-38.

Dash SR, Pradhan B, Behera C, Nayak R, Jena M. ALGAL FLORA OF TAMPARA LAKE, CHHATRAPUR, ODISHA. J Indian bot Soc. 2021; 101(1): 1-15.

ALI HA, OWAID MN, ALI SF. Recording Thirteen New Species of Phytoplankton in Euphrates River Environment in Iraq. Walailak J Sci Tech. 2020; 17(3): 200-211.

Hassan F, Al-Kubaisi A, Talib A, Taylor W, Abdulah D. Phytoplankton primary production in southern Iraqi marshes after restoration. Baghdad Sci J. 2011; 8(1): 519-30.

Ali HA. Euglenoids in Haqlan Springs and Euphrates River at Hadithah City, Western Iraq. Biol. Appl Environ Res. 2021; 5(5): 114-29.

Wołowski K, Saber AA, Cantonati M. Euglenoids from the El Farafra Oasis (Western Desert, Egypt). Pol Bot J.2017; 62(2): 241-51.

Maulood BK, Hassan FM, Al-Lami AA, Toma JJ, Ismail AM. Checklist of algal flora in Iraq. Published in the Republic of Iraq By Ministry of Environment, Baghdad. 2013: 92pp.

Aziz FH. Checklist of the Algae in Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2011; 23(3): 31-72.

Al-Hussieny AA. Recordind of new algal species within the Euphrates River Environment in Iraq. Int J Sci Nat. 2017; 8(1): 1-6.

Al-Ghanimy DBG. Study of epipelic algae and epiphytic algae in Al-Sadir River, Al-Najaf, Iraq. Eurasia J Biosci. 2020; 14(1): 763-72.

Aziz FH, Muhammed AQA. Twenty new records of algae in some springs around Safeen Mountain Area. J Adv Lab Res Biol. 2016; 7(3): 79-85.

Aziz FH, Rasoul BH. Thirty two algae new records reported in ponds at gwer sub-district, erbil-Kurdistan region. Iraq Bull Iraq nat Hist Mus. 2016; 14(1): 27-42.

Aziz FH, Bapeer UH, Najmadden SK. Fourteen algae new records reported in five artificial ponds in the main parks within Erbil city, Kurdistan region, Iraq. Mesopo Environ J. 2017; 4(1): 12-22.

Aziz FH, Yasin SA. Twenty-five new records of algae in eight artificial fish ponds in Erbil. Zanco J Pure Appl Sci. 2019; 31(4): 153-66.

Aziz FH. Survey of pteridophyta from Iraq and Iraqi kurdistan region. Mesopo Enviro J.2017; 3(2): 40-68.

Toma JJ, Hanna AM, editors. Study of the efficiency of some water treatment unit that present in houses in Erbil city-Iraq. AIP Conf. Proc; 2017: AIP Publishing LLC.

Boney A. Phytoplankton Edward Arnold (publisher) LtdPress. London. 1975: 116pp.

Baird RB, Rice CW, Eaton AD. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 23rd: Published by Water Environment Federation, J Am WATER Work Assoc, American. 2017. 1245pp.

Kusel-Fetzmann E. Die Euglenophytenflora des Neusiedler Sees (Burgenland, Österreich): Zool Bot Ges. Österreich, Austria. 2002: 113pp.

John DM, Whitton BA, Brook AJ. The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles: an identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae: in the United States of America byCambridge University Press, New York; 2011. 2nd Ed. 880pp.

Bellinger EG, Sigee DC. Freshwater algae: identification, enumeration and use as bioindicators. 2nd Ed. UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd Press; 2015. 140pp.

Wehr JD, Sheath RG, Kociolek JP. Freshwater algae of North America: ecology and classification: Academic Press as an imprint Elsevier USA; 2015.2nd Ed. 1025pp.

Wołowski K, Poniewozik M, Walne PL. Pigmented euglenophytes of the genera Euglena, Euglenaria, Lepocinclis, Phacus and Monomorphina from the southeastern United States. Pol Bot J.2013; 58(2): 659-85.

Duangjan K, Wołowski K, Peerapornpisal Y. New records of Phacus and Monomorphina taxa (Euglenophyta) for Thailand. Pol Bot J. 2014; 59(2): 235-47.

Abdalhameed TA, Al Hassany JS. The Qualitative and Quantitative Composition of Epiphytic Algae on Ceratophyllum demersum L. in Tigris River within Wassit Province, Iraq. Baghdad Sci J. 2019; 16(1): 1-9.

Kosmala S, Milanowski R, Brzóska K, Pękala M, Kwiatowski J, Zakryś B. Phylogeny and systematics of the genus Monomorphina (Euglenaceae) based on morphological and molecular data. J Phycol. 2007; 43(1): 171-85.

Ali SF, Abdul-Jabar RA, Hassan FM. Diversity measurement indices of diatom communities in the Tigris river within Wasit Province, Iraq. Baghdad Sci J.2018; 15(2): 117-22.

Ratha SK, Jena M, Adhikary SP. Euglenophytes from Orissa State, east coast of India. Algae. 2006; 21(1): 61-73.

Mizuno T, Takahashi E. An illustrated guide to freshwater zooplankton in Japan: Tokai University Press; 1991. 230pp

Zakrys B. Contribution to the monograph of Polish members of the genus Euglena Ehrenberg 1830. J of Nova Hedwigia. 1986; 42(2-4): 491-540.