Estimating concentration of toxic ions Arsenic in water by using Photonic Crystal Fiber based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR)

Main Article Content

Ghufran Mohammed Jassam
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4124-0548
Soudad S. Ahmed

Abstract

In this work, an enhanced Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF) based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensor using a sided polished structure for the detection of toxic ions Arsenic in water was designed and implemented. The SPR curve can be obtained by polishing the side of the PCF after coating the Au film on the side of the polished area, the SPR curve can be obtained. The proposed sensor has a clear SPR effect, according to the findings of the experiments. The estimated signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), sensitivity (S), resolution (R), and Figures of merit (FOM) are approaching; the SNR is 0.0125, S is 11.11 μm/RIU, the resolution is 1.8x〖10〗^(-4), and the FOM is 13.88 for Single-mode Fiber- Photonic Crystal Fiber- single mode Fiber (SMF-PCF-SMF). While the effective performance parameters for Multi-Mode Fiber- Photonic Crystal Fiber- Multi-Mode Fiber (MMF-PCF-MMF) such as the sensitivity is approaching 9.5 μm/RIU, SNR is 0.0173, FOM is10.86 and the resolution is 4x〖10〗^(-4) is achieved. The concentrations were calculated practically and theoretically for each of the sensors, and it was found that the practical concentrations that were obtained are close or equal to the concentrations that were theoretically obtained through the dilution law, where the concentrations were obtained 0.096, 0.15, 0.26, 0.38, 0.49 practically and 0.1, 0.2 and 0 3, 0.4 and 0.5 theoretically For SMF-PCF-SMS, concentrations of 0.089, 0.16, 0.23, 0.34, and 0.45 were practically obtained, and 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 theoretically for MMF-PCF-MMF. The suggested sensor has a strong mechanical structure, low cost, and easy fabrication, allowing it to provide a greater measurement range and action area to the measured samples without lengthening the sensor.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Jassam GM, Ahmed SS. Estimating concentration of toxic ions Arsenic in water by using Photonic Crystal Fiber based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR). Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 22];21(2):0445. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/7651
Section
article

References

Jianyang H, Dongying F, Chunli X, Sibang L, Chunlian L, Weimin S, et al. Fiber Mach–Zehnder-interferometer-based liquid crystal biosensor for detecting enzymatic reactions of penicillinase. Appl Opt. 2019 June; 58(17): 4806-4811.‏ https://opg.optica.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-58-17-4806

Taher HJ. Low loss in Gas filled Hollow core photonic crystal fiber. Baghdad Sci J. 2010 Mar ; 7(1): 129-138. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2010.7.1.129-138

Ahsani V, Ahmed F, Jun MBG, Bradley‏ C. Tapered fiber-optic Mach-Zehnder interferometer for ultra-high sensitivity measurement of refractive index. Sensors. 2019 April; 19(7): 1652. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/7/1652

Salman NA, Taher HJ, Mohammed SA. Tapered Splicing Points SMF-PCF-SMF Structure based on Mach-Zehnder interferometer for Enhanced Refractive Index Sensing. Iraqi J Laser. 2017 Feb; 16(A): 19-24. https://ijl.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/IJL/article/view/41

Paul D, Biswas R, Bhattacharyya N. Splicing hetero-core fibers in perspective of different material compositions. Adv Opt Sci Eng. Springer. 2015Jan; 166: 209-214. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-81-322-2367-2_27

Flanagan JC, Richardson DJ, Foster MJ, Bakalski I. A microstructured wavefront filter for the Darwin nulling interferometer. Int Conf Space Opt..2006 Nov; 10567: 105672K-1-105672K-9. https://doi.org/110.1117/12.2308141

‏7. Fatima FA, Soudad SA. Photonic Crystal Fiber Pollution Sensor Based on the Surface Plasmon Resonance Technology. Baghdad Sci J. 2022 Sep: 452-457. https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2022.6730

Ting Sun, Mengyao Li, Feng Zhao, Lin Liu. Surface plasmon resonance biosensors with magnetic sandwich hybrids for signal amplification. Biosensors. 2022 July; 12(8): 554. https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6374/12/8/554

Khatar E, Bassam SS. Surface Plasmon Plastic Optical Fiber Resonance with Multi-Layer as Chemical Sensor. Iraq J Phys. 2021 Sep; 19(50):51-59. https://doi.org/10.30723/ijp.v19i50.588

Jabir JN , Areebi NA. High sensitively of double-core surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on photonic crystal fiber. Opt Quant Electron. 2022 Aug; 54(10): 1-18. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11082-022-03950-y

Ghufran MJ,Soudad SA, Murtadha FS. Fabrication of a Chemical Sensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance via Plastic Optical Fiber. Iraqi J Sci. 2020 April ; 61(4):765-771.‏ https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2020.61.4.8

Murtadha FS, Ali AA,Shehab AK. Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Fiber Optic Sensor: Theoretical Simulation and Experimental Realization. ANJS. 2018 Mar; 21(1): 65-70. https://anjs.edu.iq/index.php/anjs/article/view/156/123

Jassam GM. Acetic acid concentration estimation using plastic optical fiber sensor based surface plasmon resonance. Iraq J Phys. 2019 Nov; 17(43): 11-17. https://ijp.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/physics/article/view/482

Namaa SR, Sudad SA, Murtadha FS. Optical Fiber Biomedical Sensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance. . Iraqi J Sci. 2020 July; 61(7): 1650-1656.‏https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2020.61.7.13

Muhammed NF, Mahmood AI, Kadhim SA, Naseef IA. Simulation Design of Hollow Core Photonic Crystal fiber for Sensing Water Quality. J Phys Conf Ser. 2020 May; 1530(1): 12134. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1530/1/012134/meta

Maheswaran S, Kuppusamy PG, Ramesh SM, Sundararajan TVP, Yupapin P. Refractive index sensor using dual core photonic crystal fiber–glucose detection applications. Results Phys. 2018 Sep; 11: 577–578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2018.09.055

Kawsar A , Bikash KP,Vasudevan B, Ahmed NZR, Maheswar R, Amiri IS , et al.Design of D-shaped elliptical core photonic crystal fiber for blood plasma cell sensing application. Results Phys. 2019 March; 12: 2021–2025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2019.02.026

Huizhen Y, Wei J, Shuwen C, Qiang L, Siyu Q, Jianye G, et al. Mercaptopyridine-functionalized gold nanoparticles for fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance Hg2+ sensing. ACS Sens. 2019 Feb; 4(3): 704–710.

https://doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.8b01558

Rahman MT, Sham D, Nazmus MdS. Highly sensitive circular slotted gold-coated micro channel photonic crystal fiber based plasmonic biosensor. OSA Continuum . 2021 May; 4(6): 1808-1826. https://doi.org/10.1364/OSAC.425279

Rifat AA, Haider F, Ahmed R, Mahdiraji GA, Adikan FRM, Miroshnichenke E. Highly sensitive selectively coated photonic crystal fiber-based plasmonic sensor. Opt Lett.2018; 43(1): 891-894. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.43.000891

Behrouz BD, Farid JS, Mohsen C.Optoelectronic properties of nanostructured Sb2Se3 films synthesized by electrodeposition method: Effect of Zn concentrations. Sens. Actuator A Phys. 2022 Sep; 344: 113750.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2022.113750

Raisan MT, Tahreer SM. Tunable optical band pass filter using compact Sagnac Fabry perot Hollow core Photonic Crystal Fiber Interferometer. Neuro Quantology. 2022 May; 20(5): 1893-1907. https://www.neuroquantology.com/data-cms/articles/20220606111902am201.pdf

Yujian L, Changyuan Y, Ping L. An Optical Fiber Sensor for Axial Strain, Curvature, and Temperature Measurement Based on Single-Core Six-Hole Optical Fiber. Sensors. 2022 Feb; 22(4): 1666. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/22/4/1666

Khaleel WA, Al-Janabi A H. Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with wavelength selective filter based on non-linear photonic crystal fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer. Laser Phys. 2017 Sep; 27(10): 105104. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1555-6611/aa8287/metAa

Dora JJH, Zhilin X, Perry PS.Review on photonic crystal fibers with hybrid guiding mechanisms. IEEE Access 2019 May;7: 67469-67482. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8719005

Marzena H,Daria M,Paweł W,Matthieu W,Mikhael B,Małgorzata JS.Low-coherence interferometric fiber-optic sensors with potential applications as biosensors. Sensors. 2017 Jan; 17(2): 261. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/17/2/261

Dora JJH, Rebecca YNW, Perry PS.Photonic crystal fiber-based interferometric sensors. Selected Topics on Optical Fiber Technologies and Applications 2018; 21-41. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.70713

Nunzio C, Davide M, Laura C, Luigi Z. Low cost sensors based on SPR in a plastic optical fiber for biosensor implementation. Sensors, 2011 Dec ;11(12): 11752-11760. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/11/12/11752

Sachin KS, Banshi DG. Influence of ions on the surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a fiber optic refractive index sensor. Sens Actuator B Chem. 2011Aug; 156(2): 559-562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2011.01.068