Determining the Quality and Quantity of Bioethanol Production using Golden Shower (Cassica fistula) Fruit

Main Article Content

Amy Lizbeth J. Rico

Abstract

Depletion of fossil fuel is one of the main reasons why the bioethanol has become popular. It is a renewable energy source. In order to meet the great demand of bioethanol, it is best that the bioethanol production is from cheap raw materials. Since the golden shower fruit is not being utilized and is considered as waste material, hence, this study was conducted to make use of the large volume of the residue as feedstock to test its potential for bioethanol extraction.The main goal of this study is to obtain the most volume of bioethanol from the golden shower fruit liquid residue by the factors, days of fermentation (3, 5, and 7 days) and sugar concentration (15, 20 and 25 brix) of the liquid residue. Also, part of the study is to compute the cost of production in extracting bioethanol from the golden shower fruit. Each treatment was replicated three (3) times. The Two-Factorial Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) of the Complete Randomized Design (CRD) was used to analyze the treatments. Treatments means were compared using the Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Rico ALJ. Determining the Quality and Quantity of Bioethanol Production using Golden Shower (Cassica fistula) Fruit. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2021Mar.30 [cited 2021Apr.13];18(1(Suppl.):0722. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/5921
Section
article

References

Heux S, Sablayrolles JM, Cachon R, Dequin S. Engineering a Saccharomyces cerevisiae wine yeast that exhibits reduced ethanol production during fermentation under controlled microoxygenation conditions. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006. Sep;72(9):5822-8

Cardona CA, Sanchez OJ. Fuel Ethanol Production: Process Design Trends and Integration Opportunities. Bioresour Technol. 2007 Sep;98(12):2415-57. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.002. Epub 2007 Mar 1. PMID: 17336061.

Miyashita M, Akamatsu M, Sakai K, Sakai H. Improving foam stability of ethanol/water mixture with anionic surfactant and long-chain alcohol. Chemistry Letters. 2020 May;49(5):453-456. https://doi.org/10.1246/cl.200058

Li H, Wu M, Xu L, Hou J, Guo T, Bao X, et al. Evaluation of industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains as the chassis cell for second-generation bioethanol production. Microb Biotechnol. 2020. Mar;8(2):266-74. doi: 10.1111/1751-7915.12245.

Peter NM, Scheffran J, Widholm J. Designing Plants to Meet the Feedstock Needs. Plant Biotechnology for Sustainable Production of Energy and Co-products. Springer Berlin Heidelberg; 2010. p. 57-84. ISBN 978-3-642-13440-1.

Goettemoeller J, Adrian G. Sustainable Ethanol: Biofuels, Biorefineries, Cellulosic Biomass, Flex-Fuel Vehicles, and Sustainable Farming for Energy Independence. 2017. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-9786293-0-4.

Gavin T, Sinnott R K. Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process Design. Butterworth-Heinemann. 2007. ISBN 0-7506-8423-2.

Amarasekara AS, Wiredu B. Sulfonic Acid Group Functionalized Ionic Liquid Catalyzed Hydrolysis of Cellulose in Water: Structure Activity Relationships. Sustainable Energy. 2014; 2(3):102-107. doi: 10.12691/rse-2-3-4..

Tamunaidu P, Matsui N, Okimori Y, Saka S. Nipa (Nypa fruticans) sap as a potential feedstock for ethanol production. Biomass & Bioenergy, 52, 96-102. 2013

Fahrizal F, Abubakar Y, Muzaifa M. The Effects of Temperature and Length of Fermentation on Bioethanol Production from Arenga Plant (Arenga pinnata MERR). 2016. Int J Adv Sci Eng Inf Technol 3(3):244.