Impact of Denial-of-Service Attack on Directional Compact Geographic Forwarding Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks

Main Article Content

Nasrina M Samir
Maisarah Musni
Zurina Mohd Hanapi
Mohamed Ridzal Radzuan

Abstract

Directional Compact Geographic Forwarding (DCGF) routing protocol promises a minimal overhead generation by utilizing a smart antenna and Quality of Service (QoS) aware aggregation. However, DCGF was tested only in the attack-free scenario without involving the security elements. Therefore, an investigation was conducted to examine the routing protocol algorithm whether it is secure against attack-based networks in the presence of Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack. This analysis on DoS attack was carried out using a single optimal attacker, A1, to investigate the impact of DoS attack on DCGF in a communication link. The study showed that DCGF does not perform efficiently in terms of packet delivery ratio and energy consumption even on a single attacker.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Samir NM, Musni M, Hanapi ZM, Radzuan MR. Impact of Denial-of-Service Attack on Directional Compact Geographic Forwarding Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. 2021Dec.20 [cited 2022Jan.20];18(4(Suppl.):1371. Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/6630
Section
article

References

C. A. Ramírez, R. C. Barragán, G. García-Torales and V. M. Larios, "Low-power device for wireless sensor network for Smart Cities," 2016 IEEE MTT-S Latin America Microwave Conference (LAMC), 2016, pp. 1-3, doi: 10.1109/LAMC.2016.7851298.

N. B. Gayathri, G. Thumbur, P. Rajesh Kumar, M. Z. U. Rahman, P. V. Reddy and A. Lay-Ekuakille, "Efficient and Secure Pairing-Free Certificateless Aggregate Signature Scheme for Healthcare Wireless Medical Sensor Networks," in IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 9064-9075, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1109/JIOT.2019.2927089

E. Aguirre et al., "Design and Implementation of Context Aware Applications With Wireless Sensor Network Support in Urban Train Transportation Environments," in IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 169-178, 1 Jan.1, 2017, doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2016.2624739.

F. Viani, G. Oliveri, M. Donelli, L. Lizzi, P. Rocca and A. Massa, "WSN-based solutions for security and surveillance," The 40th European Microwave Conference, 2010, pp. 1762-1765, doi: 10.23919/EUMC.2010.5616285.

Singh, R., Kathuria, K., & Sagar, A. K. (2018). Secure Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks. In 2018 4th International Conference on Computing Communication and Automation (ICCCA).

Rehman, A., Rehman, S. U., & Raheem, H. (2019). Sinkhole Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. Wireless Personal Communications, 106(4), 2291–2313..

Stankovic, J. A., & Wood, A. D. (2004). A Taxonomy for Denial-of-Service Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks. Handbook of Sensor Networks.

O. A. Osanaiye, A. S. Alfa and G. P. Hancke, "Denial of Service Defence for Resource Availability in Wireless Sensor Networks," in IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 6975-7004, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2793841.

Hanapi, Z.M., Ismail, M., Jumari, K., Mahdavi, M.: ‘Dynamic window secured implicit geographic forwarding routing for wireless sensor network’, Int. J. Electron. Commun. Comput. Eng., 2009, 1, (4), pp. 213– 219

Umar, I. A., Hanapi, Z. M., Sali, A., & Zulkarnain, Z. A. (2016). FuGeF: A Resource Bound Secure Forwarding Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors, 16(6), 943.

Adnan, A. I., Hanapi, Z. M., Othman, M., & Zukarnain, Z. A. (2017). A Secure Region-Based Geographic Routing Protocol (SRBGR) for Wireless Sensor Networks. PLOS ONE, 12(1).

Umar, Idris Abubakar, et al. “Towards Overhead Mitigation in State-Free Geographic Forwarding Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks.” Wireless Networks, vol. 25, no. 3, 2019, pp. 1017–1030.