Yeast Diversity in Honey Produced by Wild Honeybees at Different Elevations

Authors

  • Medhina Magdalena Graduate School of Biotechnology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia & Research Center for Applied Microbiology, National Research and Innovation Agency, Cibinong 16911, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-7906-1839
  • Candra Rahmani Priyambada Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0004-0509-4920
  • Donny Widianto Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0196-2135
  • Sri Wedhastri Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-9246-6689
  • Irfan Dwidya Prijambada Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2024.9870

Keywords:

Diversity, Elevations, Honeycomb, Honey, Yeast

Abstract

Yeasts inhabit diverse natural environments, including the honeycombs of wild honeybee colonies residing at different elevations. This study investigates yeast populations in honeycombs located at two sampling sites, Bligo and Sukomulyo, Central Java Province, Indonesia, situated in a montane region at elevations of 131.1 and 676 meters above sea level, respectively. Out of the 40 yeast isolates collected, 12 distinct fingerprints were identified, representing ten strains across four species. Debaryomyces hansenii emerged as the predominant species, accounting for seven of the total strains, and being found at both sampling sites. The remaining species included Priceomyces melissophilus, Cystobasidium minutum, and Meyerozyma guillermondii. Overall, yeast abundance in this study was relatively low. The index of abundances (H') was higher in Bligo (0.796) compared to Sukomulyo (0.636). These findings suggest that elevation may influence yeast populations within honeycombs, with potential interactions with other factors affecting diversity measures.

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Yeast Diversity in Honey Produced by Wild Honeybees at Different Elevations. Baghdad Sci.J [Internet]. [cited 2024 May 18];21(11). Available from: https://bsj.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/BSJ/article/view/9870